Hulusi

Hulusi, also known as “gourd flute,” Dai said, “wicker Lang garrulous” (“wicker” for the wind instrument Dai Pan said. “Lang” is blowing straight meaning, “garrulous” means gourd), Yunnan minorities musical instruments, mainly spread in the Dai, Yi, Achang, De’ang other ethnic groups. Hulusi can be divided into high, middle and bass are three types of commonly adjusted to drop B, C, D, etc. tone. Hulusi originated in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture Lianghe, mainly popular Dai, Achang, Wa, De’ang and Brown and other nationalities live in compact communities in Yunnan Dehong, Lincang region is rich in local color.

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Hulusi ((also known as gourd Shaw) is a unique instrument of ethnic minorities in Yunnan, mainly spread in western Yunnan Yunnan Dai regions in Blang, De’ang and other ethnic minorities are also more prevalent.
Dai people versatile, singing and dancing. In the festival, whether it is the dragon boat in the river or in the river put “soaring” (made with bamboo earth rocket), or in the square “catch swing” or in the bamboo house drinking festivities, you can listen to moving to the music.
Hulusi because of its unique and beautiful tone, the appearance of simple, soft, elegant, easy to learn, compact and easy to carry, by the majority of the students, music lovers and foreign tourists alike.
Hulusi is a traditional reed musical instruments, and its structure consists of a hoist and two (or three) composed of bamboo, gourd mouthpiece upper end, a lower end connected to the three bamboo gourd is sound tube, which, in the middle a coarse long bamboo-based sound tube, there are six positive tonic tube sound hole (by the sound hole), there is an upper rear sound hole for the seventh by the sound hole, the bottom has an overtone hole (the sound hole) and two wear rope holes. vocalist tube top with a metal reed, insert the hoist, which ends with a soft plug.
Vocals pipe scale arrangement (full press vocalist tube for one to seven vents blow “so1 winded 5 Case”) from bottom to top as “mi microphone [3]“. “Sol winded [5]“. “La Pull [6] “.” si West [7] “.” do more [1] “,” re CS [2] “,” mi Mi [3] “,” fa fat [4] “,” sol shuttle [ 5] “,” la pull [6]. ”
Vice vocalist tube without by the sound hole, so the sub sound with reed pipe tube end into the gourd vocalist left or right sides of the playing Hulusi, if the bottom of the sub sound tube cork out, with reed Vice-tube tone on tone together with the competent sounded, but only made a deputy tube tone sounds.
There are now commonly used Hulusi of C, small D tuning, B flat, F tone, G tune several.

Structure
Hulusi, Dai called “wicker Lang hundred”, “wicker” for the wind instrument Dai Pan said, “Boy” was blowing straight meaning, “garrulous” means gourd, also known as the local Chinese gourd flute. Hulusi unique shape and structure, which consists of a complete natural gourd, three and three metal reed made of bamboo, gourd do the whole gas tank, hoist the lower part of the thickness of insert three different bamboo, gourd in each insert The bamboo section, copper or silver inlaid with a reed, bamboo middle of the thickest, the top open seven vents, called it head on both sides attached pipe, located just above the reed, do not open sound hole (refers to the traditional Hulusi), can only be issued with the competent resonance and tone. Usually left attached tube fat “3″ tone, the right tube is not attached to pronounce (or send bass 6 tones).
This instrument to hoist as speakers, gourd Tsui do mouthpiece, with a common person to each of the three reed bamboo pipes of varying lengths, side by side into the gourd at the bottom. Quintana about 30 cm. Also single tube, double tube, or four persons. No matter how much bamboo, mostly middle one is competent, the other as deputy tube. Head on to open seven sound hole, after the first six a traditional Hulusi not vice tube top openings only at the bottom of the tube body opening blocked with plugs, plug a wired connection between the body of the tube, then use the little finger when needed to open it. Improved Hulusi is no use of traditional stopper, but with the same competent body side of the tube to open a sound hole. Which is more convenient when playing at the sub-tube tone repeated use, and easily controlled, more flexible. When playing finger control supervisor to play the different sound hole pitches, if the primary and secondary pipes open simultaneously, the number of tubes when playing gongs, melody only by competent, vice tube only sustained tone harmony with foil, which is usually one made a sound, a send e sound, produce harmony effect, gives a subtle, hazy beauty.
Achang Hulusi and Dai similar Achang language called “shoot Le Weng”, with gourds and gold made of bamboo. Blowpipe 6 cm long, 50 cm long head, deputy tube length 33 and 17 cm, respectively, in the two deputy head tube * near side, respectively, leaving a piece of bamboo, with a thin bamboo sticks bundled together with the supervisor.
Wa in West Union, said Hulusi as “worship Hung Liao,” three bamboo insert gourd bottom sealing wax, upper and bamboo blowpipe only two centimeters long. Particularly unique is this: There are seven head apart from the sound hole, but in the bottom of the front also opened two holes. Head of playing the melody, two vice tubes emit perfect fifth interval of continuous tone for the melody accompaniment. If no continuous tone or need a single continuous tone, but also the sub tubes blocked.
Characteristic
Gourd flute commonly used in playing folk songs and other folk tunes, the most suitable for smooth melody playing music or dance tunes sound more generally long, rich harmonies, the music soft and harmonious, can better express the player’s thoughts and feelings.
Gourd flute in Dai, Achang and other peoples of the most popular entertainment fun when the instrument, every village has a lot of system flute craftsmen. Young men and women, emotions or people walking on the road as well as in the field of labor, and often sounded gourd flute, for people to add a lot of joy of life.
Source
Hulusi relatively long history, its origins can be traced back to pre-Qin era, it is the evolution from the gourd sheng adapted from. In construction remained relics of ancient musical instruments, the number of flute pipe flute is working with three of the same, two vice tube does not open and the ancient flute sound hole is also exactly the same, while a continuous interval of five degrees, then with the ancient flute The “to comprehend with all the sound” lifelike. But it has been in charge of the sound hole has opened seven, and future generations of flute is very similar, but also demonstrated its leap in history.
After the founding of New China, Chinese gourd flute folk music researcher conducted on continuous reform. In 1958, Yunnan Province Song and Dance Ensemble of the first range extended to 14 tones. Beijing has made a number of arts organizations two new gourd flute. One of the six gourd flute, you can play single, dual tone, a single continuous tone and melody plus two plus continuous tone and tone melody. While maintaining the unique sound of the original musical instruments and styles, but also increases the volume, extended range, rich colors and expressive sound. In Chinese folk instruments large garden, it has become a compelling wonderful. Early 1980, the Central Nationalities Orchestra’s visit to Japan team has used this new gourd flute playing the Japanese people, by the welcome and praise.
Dai folk spread of such a legend: Long ago, a flash flood, a small Bu Dai take picked up a large gourd, past the storm, rescued his sweetheart, his faithful love touched the Buddha, the Buddha to hoist fitted with a pipe, blowing a small Bu take wonderful music, suddenly calm, flowers, peacock, and wished the couple good luck happiness. Hulusi in the Dai people from generation to generation.
Dai people versatile, good at singing and dancing, in the festival, whether dragon boat in the river or in the river discharge soaring, or placed in the square drive, or in the bamboo house drinking song, you can hear the moving singing. Like Kazakhstan (folk singer) singing to the accompaniment of the Hulusi ancient legends and beautiful myth, singing the old society suffering and happiness of the new society.

Legend
A
About Hulusi Hulusi auspicious birthplace of origin and related legends is widely regarded as the hometown of the Hulusi ——- Yunnan Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture Lianghe mengyang, but early on in the pre-Qin era where There are many beautiful legends story.
Hulusi very long history, dating back to pre-Qin era, the folklore of many legends, legend Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan mengyang Lianghe River, a flash floods, a brave little Bu Dai take picked up a large gourd, past the stormy sea, rescued his sweetheart, the Buddha was touched by his faithful love, the bamboo insert gold gourd, gave brave little Bu take a small risk holding up golden Bu hoist, immediately blow the wonderful music. Suddenly, the calm, flowers, peacock, bless this couple auspicious happiness, since then, Hulusi in Lianghe mengyang Dai people handed down, Lianghe the De’ang, Jingpo, Achang also come to learn, have been extended to the entire Dehong and other ethnic areas, and has been for generations.
Two
In addition there is a legend that in ancient times the Dai has a ferocious beast, often down to eat people and livestock. At this point there is a great hero named Ron Artest, he experienced hardships, to the Nvwaniangniang palace Nvwaniangniang sincerely touched by Artest, gave him a gourd, can charge demons. Artest returned to his hometown, and other evil beasts arise, use the hoist will be charged Xiongshou. But Xiongshou still rattling gourd, so Artest will a bamboo inserted in the bottom of the gourd, inside Xiongshou finally quiet down, never out of mischief. Later, to commemorate the deeds of Artest, we modeled this gourd and bamboo pattern made Hulusi, passed down as musical instruments
Species
Achang gourd flute and Dai similar Achang language called “shoot Le Weng”, with gourds and gold made of bamboo. Blowpipe 6 cm long, 50 cm long head, deputy tube length 33 and 17 cm, respectively, in the two sub-tube near the head side, respectively, leaving a piece of bamboo with bamboo grass notify the competent bundled together.
Wa in West Union, said the gourd flute for “worship Hung Liao,” three flute tube is inserted into the bottom of the gourd, wax sealing, top and bamboo blowpipe only two centimeters long. Particularly unique is this: There are seven head apart from the sound hole, but in the bottom of the front also opened two holes. Head of playing the melody, two vice tubes emit perfect fifth interval of continuous tone for the melody accompaniment. If no continuous tone or need a single continuous tone, but also the sub tubes blocked.
Classification
According to the number of points attached tube pronunciation
Dual Tone Hulusi – only treble send an attached tube tone, the other accessories attached pipe only play the role.
Three tone Hulusi – two tubes are attached, respectively, issued a tone. Bass attached tube is not commonly used, especially in the bass Hulusi its usefulness is almost zero. [3]
According to the form of tubes attached
Audio plug-in – mono tubes attached soft sese tight, use disconnect.
Advantages: With tube sound hole is normally closed state. Disadvantages: You can only use sound between tracks when playing unplug plug, convert slow.
By Hole – Mono tube attached to the pronunciation to use the little finger or thumb to start controlling the opening and closing of the sound hole.
Advantages: easy to play in time with the director, the conversion quickly. Disadvantages: With pipe vents in a normally open state, is not commonly used for playing tracks shall be attached to the tube with your fingers often hold the sound hole, affecting the other fingers flexibility.
Multi-tone style – Multi-tone tube attached on the opening four vents, hair supervisor first, three, four, five sound holes sound, and with the head of hair simple melody.
Divided by pitch
Hulusi can be divided into high tone, treble Hulusi, alto Flute, Alto Flute, Tenor Flute, Bass Flute, Hulusi subwoofer and so on.
Divided by range
Traditional Hulusi – standard conventional Hulusi octave vocal range as a pure plus a perfect fourth, which contain seventeen semitones of nine full-bore tone. When the tube-tone 5 (so) when the pronunciation from 3 (mi) high an octave 6 (la), the sound holes are arranged in 3567 (bass group) 12356 (treble group).
Expanding range Hulusi – plus key and is divided into two kinds without bond. Widening range on the same charge as a separate five-octave voice.
Divided by origin
Yunnan Hulusi – sound sweet, mellow, clear analysis, is a standard conventional Hulusi, Dai has a distinct style.
North Hulusi – Voices rough, open, large volume. However, some manufacturers Hulusi Hulusi less than standard conventional one sound.
Other origin Hulusi – Voices vary.
Are classified according to disassemble
Removable Hulusi – head tube can be attached on the dial down from the hoist to facilitate professional repair, but also facilitate users to make minor adjustments.
Not removable Hulusi – Head tube attached to the adhesive on the gourd, non-professional maintenance staff can not be demolished.
Are classified by tuning
Adjustable tone Hulusi – competent, with copper pipes are installed on the tone syllable (referred to copper insert), you can make minor adjustments on the pitch, you can not adjust the tube tone. Tuning is nonlinear, adjusting the setting can not be after the change.
Non-tuning Hulusi – competent, with no installed copper tube tone syllable (referred Copper).
Tone
Hulusi, is a reed pipe coupling vibration of musical instruments, a total high, middle and bass 3 types, commonly used with D / E / F / G / A / B / other notes. Between the customs of various ethnic groups, different geographical environment makes this instrument Hulusi are not the same in construction.
Hulusi in the production of traditional pronunciation seven holes (head), a pronunciation bore a tone (not like the bamboo flute that change through the atmosphere can be in a sound hole to blow octave), plus a drum sound altogether can sound to blow eight. Therefore, the general tone of traditional Hulusi position by moving house, changing the original fingering, in theory, should be able to tune blown five to six years, but due to the limited range and scale arrangement of the traditional tune Hulusi can only turn four, and popular tune only two, both as a bass drum sound “5″ and drum sound as “1″ and the tone (tube-tone 5) is most commonly used. Hulusi in C major, for example, in addition to can blow the tune (the third hole for one) can also blow G tune (drum sound as “1″), which is the national pentatonic tuning based on six-tone style in playing music There are some limitations, not all songs can be played, according to the range of the songs to choose appropriate circumstances, the best tune is the third hole as “1″ played, if necessary swapping songs can be solved by replacing the Hulusi , commonly used Hulusi have lower B, C, D, F tune and so on.
Unlike the familiar range Hulusi flute that can reach more than three octaves, usually at 9 degrees or less, no more than 11 degrees for the nation modal scale. Its tone gentle and delicate, mellow funky, soft charming, very expressive, well loved by the people. Whether folk music, or the professional stage can hear it playing melodious voice.
Hulusi commonly used in playing folk songs, minor and other folk tunes, best suited to play the melody and smooth lyrical song, “Moonlight Fengweizhu,” “Song of length” and other classic tracks as its representative. Hulusi in Dai, Achang and other peoples of the most popular entertainment fun when the instrument, in the festival, whether it is the dragon boat in the river or in the river discharge, “soaring”, or in the square “rush pendulum” or drinking festivities in bamboo house, you can hear the sounds of their voices. Young men and women, emotions or people walking on the road as well as in the field of labor, and often sounded Hulusi for people to add a lot of joy of life.
Range
1. Sopranino: Little B flat, a small B flat, small A tone, small G tune
2. Treble: small in F, a small E flat, small E flat, small D tune
3. Soprano: small drop D tuning, a small C notes (beginner preferred), B tune
4. In tone: B flat (beginner preferred), A tune
5. Tenor: A flat tone, G tune
6. Bass: G flat tone, big F major
7. Subwoofer: Big E flat, big D tuning, tune Big C
Playing position
Standing
Requirements are: the body’s natural standing, feet slightly apart, showing toe stand, legs straight, the body’s center of gravity placed between the legs (if necessary, can be moved around). Upper body straight, but not stiff. Yang head straight, chest naturally straighten. Visual front. Shoulders relaxed balance. Elbows natural droop, arms can not be against your body, to maintain a certain distance with the waist (about ten centimeters) in front of the body centerline. Musical Instruments and body form 45 degrees to 50 degrees.
Sitting
His upper body the same requirements and standing, generally sitting in a chair at the first third of the feet tread separation, the foot slightly in front, kick later, but can not stand the legs or feet pay *. Seat height should be appropriate, so as not to affect the respiratory muscles full movement.
Chi Fa
Requirements fingers naturally relax into a curved holding Hulusi, arms and elbow muscles to relax, that belly peripheral edge of the contact hole should be feeling when playing the role of air, that belly resonance, a slight numbness, its tone flexible, too pressed the hands are sore, sound snapped on playing disadvantage. Another finger holes, should not lift too high, otherwise it would be stiff fingers, affecting performance speed. General fingers carried over from the sound hole 2 — 3 cm can be.
Throttle, mouth and mouth fresh wind
1. Throttle
Refers to the atmosphere between the upper and lower lips when playing through the gap at. Throttle vary, along with the sound level varies. Reduce throttle when playing bass, treble when playing amplified throttle. Throttle position is not left-right, should be at the middle of the lips, upper and lower lips to latch onto Hulusi blow holes, depending Hulusi blow hole making situation to decide whether the upper lip than lower lip slightly protruding (General Under normal circumstances should be consistent upper and lower lips), cheeks can not muster, should be forced to close to the inside.
2. Lipped
After blowing out the breath damper is lipped. Lipped quickly or slowly, mouth blowing wind choices can control the intensity and gas consumption play a role, because Hulusi are vertical-blown reed pipe coupling vibrations of musical instruments, mainly composed by the reed and bamboo coupled vibration pronunciation, When playing mouth latch blow hole, with ultra-blowing method, airflow through the air box (gourd), part of the reed vibrating reed tongue and excite the resonance of the air column inside the tube and pronunciation. Generally not used when playing gene (slow blowing method using a tubular blown sound). Change is a high priority of the damper abdomen, diaphragm and chest of activities to meet the control, to control the party.
3. Jin mouth
The size of the mouth fresh air damper is based on the size and tone of urgency to determine. Be sure to pay attention to the entrance mouth fresh breeze of wind closely. While playing Hulusi when lipped mouth Energizer has its priorities, but because playing Hulusi is the use of ultra-blowing method, so urgency is relative, there is a limit, that it is in a certain range. Which is caused by the conditions of their limited Hulusi (narrow range).
Fingering
For Hulusi speaking, common fingering
1, full press for 5
2, for a full press

Method
Playing method
(A) the right hand ring finger, middle finger, index finger, respectively, with the first section of the belly open and close the first, second and third sound hole, thumb drag on the bottom head. Left ring finger, middle finger, index finger, respectively, with the first section of the belly open and close, fourth, fifth, sixth sound hole, thumb open open before the bottom of the seventh in charge of the sound hole.
(Two) take a deep breath, inhaling the gas as much as some inspiration, breath sink, the flow of air under controlled circumstances moderate uniform outward exhaled breath to be smooth, do not suddenly strong suddenly weak.
(Three) playing in the treble when you use slow blow method (airflow reduction) Bass emergency use when blowing (air flow strengthened).
Note:
1. Attached to the left and right side of the little finger sound tube can not be fixed and should be based on flexibility when playing situations, such as when using the three fingers (ie opening and closing four hundred fifty-six sound hole) when playing the right hand little finger should be attached to the first tone hole under side, and the left hand little finger can naturally play with lift, so as not to affect three fingers when playing on the flexible use when using the next three fingers (ie opening and closing twelve three holes) to play, the left hand little finger should Back deputy tube position, while the right hand little finger can naturally play with lift.
2. Various sound hole in the press (both closed) when the first finger must use regulations that belly will sound hole at Yan, can not leak, otherwise it will affect the pitch and timbre. After playing Hulusi, should make the arms, wrists relaxed, moderately fingers bent inward. Open the sound hole, the finger should not lift too high, too high will affect the speed and flexibility of playing, but not too low, too low will affect pitch and volume.
Playing Techniques
Hulusi with respect to some extent in playing flute, suona other ethnic wind instrument to be simple, not so much complicated techniques, and this is because of its structure due to its limitations, but it was like a very sweet tone expression. Flute playing techniques commonly used are the following:
1. Tonguing. Tonguing is the more important Hulusi playing techniques. Tonguing divided into single spit, spit double, three spit three.
① single spit. Using the tip of the tongue against the upper palate Ministry first half (or “spit” word pronunciation former state) cut the air and then quickly release the tongue, along with breath blown. Put through a one continuous action, the flow of air into the mouthpiece intermittently, you can get intermittent effect of playing a single spit, spit complete a single process. Single spit in general note above with “T” mark. According to the needs of music performance, single spit off the spit and can be divided into two kinds of even spit.
② Double spit. Dual-spit is used to complete the rapid succession of playing skills. First, with the tongue on the palate before the Ministry resisted, then release, issued a “spit” word. In short, “spit” the word is issued, plus immediately send a “bitter”, which will “spit bitter,” the word is linked double spit. Dual-spit symbol “TK”.
③ three spit. Three is actually a single spit spit spit and double in some rhythmic pattern on the integrated use of symbols “TTK” or “TKT”, or “spit spit bitter” or “bitter spit spit.”
2. Legato. Legato is one of the commonly used techniques. For lyrical cantabile phrases or music section. With the symbol “⌒” (legato lines) that the tone legato lines in addition to spit the first tone, the rest of the sounds are not spit, when playing legato to emphasize continuity and smooth.
3. Portamento. Portamento and techniques in playing Hulusi is widely used, its effect has sleek, gorgeous characteristics, application portamento techniques can simulate the human voice and sound effects wipe on stringed instruments. Portamento Portamento on there, down sound, complex portamento three.
4. Tremolo. Can be obtained using the tremolo technique as singing-like “noise” effect, greatly enriched the musical expressiveness, is that people reveal the inner life, an important way to express one’s inner feelings. Tremolo Tremolo refers to another gas tremolo two kinds.
5. Vibrato. Vibrato is composed of two different pitches alternating fast and composition. Specific requirements are issued immediately after the original sound and uniform rapid opening and closing of its second or third degree above the sound of the sound hole, the symbol for the “tr” or “tr ~ ~ ~ ~”
6. Reduplicated, playing sounds. Two kinds of playing techniques and effects on almost, about their definition is everyone different. That at some moments before the advent of sound plus a very short time when playing a sophomore spent three degrees tone, tone stack symbol “and” that play sound symbol “Rolling” said.
Tuning Tips
Hulusi are wind instruments, all more or less affected by Band temperature and humidity changes, in different geographical and climatic conditions, there will be subtle changes in intonation. In order to respond to this change, the need for proper intonation adjustment and, thus, mixing of the interface type jacks. Tuning jack telescopic through the copper interface, extend or shorten the length of the air column inside the instrument to achieve the pitch change to meet performance and teaching needs. Principle is to unplug the interface plug location, the air column inside the bamboo growth, relatively lower overall pitch a little bit; Conversely, the overall pitch will be increased, so that at 10 cents to the instrument can be adjusted between a minor second, in order to achieve with the band, CD music coordination purposes.
In using the mixer type Hulusi, note the plug interface when not excessive force, can not straighten straight push, use the appropriate power sliding side edge rotation around until the intonation adjusted to the appropriate height. Try to avoid some of the outsiders who do not understand or fully using the instrument in order to avoid wrong operation, causing the interface deformation, damage or leaks. Maintenance, regular or occasional need to add the right amount of lubricant copper interfaces, interfaces to avoid rust corrosion.
Note that: the just intonation tuning pitch as small absolute appropriate adjustments, and not as Transpose to use. Because Hulusi pitch tuning adjustment for different amplitude is not the same, in principle, the more recent reed sound from the console interface to the adjustment of the more sensitive, the more distant the more retarded, and tube 5 is not affected by the modulation tone changing tone control interface.
Breathing
Generally can be grouped into three: thoracic breathing, abdominal breathing, abdominal breathing (breathing mix). Is currently recognized as the most scientific method is a hybrid breathing. Its advantage lies in the coordination of muscle groups throughout the respiratory movements, the formation of the whole movement, and thus more than the amount inhaled breath, deep breath, exhale also easy to control. Now mix breathing are described below: the so-called breathing which includes “inhale” and “exhale” these two aspects. Inhale, relax the body parts, nose and mouth while breathing, careful not to put the shoulder and bring out any sound. Hybrid breathing is to Breathe belly, chest and abdomen as well as between the chest. Put the shoulder will hinder the flavor of sinking, the atmosphere in the store to the chest, it would Xiongshihuxi it. To be avoided.
Inhalation of the gas as much as some expansion of lung, chest, the lower abdomen and the natural outward expansion of the diaphragm down. Gas, breath sink. Then the abdomen and waist are filled with the feeling of breath, and chest will feel more relaxed. Correct gas storage site should be lower thoracic and abdominal cavities. Therefore, inhale, not only can not look inside the abdomen contraction, but also to a slight outward bulge around the waist also will expand to.
Suction method of practice, very important, wind is the most used gas, if the gas is wrong, not only can not play good, but also seriously affect their health, here are several ways: first, first within the chest and abdomen All breath blown, then the body is very relaxed state inhale. If you then chest, abdominal cavity there is a feeling of air entering, it shows the suction method and the gas storage site basically correct. Secondly, they can even understand you smell the flowers and vigorous exercise (such as long-distance running, hiking, etc.) after deep inspiration suction action. When playing suction, requires a lot of air inhaled in a relatively short period of time, therefore, generally the mouth and nose while breathing, relaxation throat.
Exhale, requiring abdominal, lumbar and diaphragm always have control (ie, to maintain a certain degree of tension), and put breath in the case of a controlled sparingly and evenly outward exhale. With the exhaled breath, abdominal, lumbar muscle groups and so on, gradually shrinking, the diaphragm also will be reset. Here special need to emphasize that: just exhale, must immediately abdomen (should be slightly outwards “top”). Because it will cause the abdomen abdomen immediately squeezed inside, forcing the diaphragm would fall ahead of reset, thus bringing the breath pushed the chest, increasing the burden on the chest. Thus, not only is not conducive to control the speed of breath, and a long time will affect the player’s health. When the breath blown about one-half, inside the abdominal part of the naturally closed, so that the process is more correct breath. And do not wait until exhausted breath before going to suck.
In short, playing in the expiratory pressure should always be driven at a certain delivery out evenly. Breath to be smooth, do not suddenly strong suddenly weak. To meet this requirement, must be repeated practice. Can be carried out by blowing long tone exercises, you can also practice against his breath back. With practice, learners will feel the atmosphere of the velocity, pressure, stability, etc., thereby enhancing the ability to consciously control the breath. Illustrate two points: the length, strength and other specific circumstances, flexible grasp inspiratory volume.
Playing in the “emergency blow” and “slow blow.” Blow by acute pressure big, gas velocity rapidly. Slow blow air is exhaled slowly. Under normal circumstances, playing bass with acute blowing, blowing, the treble with slow blowing. Master and apply the correct breathing techniques and other wind instruments for playing Hulusi crucial, and we must attach great importance to the learner.

Famous songs

Region is rich in local color.

Brief introduction

Yunnan Hulusi and peacocks, highlighting Yunnan ethnic characteristics

Yunnan Hulusi and peacocks, highlighting Yunnan ethnic characteristics [1]
Hulusi ((also known as gourd Shaw) is a unique instrument of ethnic minorities in Yunnan, mainly spread in western Yunnan Yunnan Dai regions in Blang, De’ang and other ethnic minorities are also more prevalent.
Dai people versatile, singing and dancing. In the festival, whether it is the dragon boat in the river or in the river put “soaring” (made with bamboo earth rocket), or in the square “catch swing” or in the bamboo house drinking festivities, you can listen to moving to the music.
Hulusi because of its unique and beautiful tone, the appearance of simple, soft, elegant, easy to learn, compact and easy to carry, by the majority of the students, music lovers and foreign tourists alike.
Hulusi is a traditional reed musical instruments, and its structure consists of a hoist and two (or three) composed of bamboo, gourd mouthpiece upper end, a lower end connected to the three bamboo gourd is sound tube, which, in the middle a coarse long bamboo-based sound tube, there are six positive tonic tube sound hole (by the sound hole), there is an upper rear sound hole for the seventh by the sound hole, the bottom has an overtone hole (the sound hole) and two wear rope holes. vocalist tube top with a metal reed, insert the hoist, which ends with a soft plug.
Vocals pipe scale arrangement (full press vocalist tube for one to seven vents blow “so1 winded 5 Case”) from bottom to top as “mi microphone [3]“. “Sol winded [5]“. “La Pull [6] “.” si West [7] “.” do more [1] “,” re CS [2] “,” mi Mi [3] “,” fa fat [4] “,” sol shuttle [ 5] “,” la pull [6]. ”
Vice vocalist tube without by the sound hole, so the sub sound with reed pipe tube end into the gourd vocalist left or right sides of the playing Hulusi, if the bottom of the sub sound tube cork out, with reed Vice-tube tone on tone together with the competent sounded, but only made a deputy tube tone sounds.
There are now commonly used Hulusi of C, small D tuning, B flat, F tone, G tune several. [2]
Structure
Hulusi, Dai called “wicker Lang hundred”, “wicker” for the wind instrument Dai Pan said, “Boy” was blowing straight meaning, “garrulous” means gourd, also known as the local Chinese gourd flute. Hulusi unique shape and structure, which consists of a complete natural gourd, three and three metal reed made of bamboo, gourd do the whole gas tank, hoist the lower part of the thickness of insert three different bamboo, gourd in each insert The bamboo section, copper or silver inlaid with a reed, bamboo middle of the thickest, the top open seven vents, called it head on both sides attached pipe, located just above the reed, do not open sound hole (refers to the traditional Hulusi), can only be issued with the competent resonance and tone. Usually left attached tube fat “3″ tone, the right tube is not attached to pronounce (or send bass 6 tones).
Zhao also draw linxuanyinyue

Zhao also draw linxuanyinyue
This instrument to hoist as speakers, gourd Tsui do mouthpiece, with a common person to each of the three reed bamboo pipes of varying lengths, side by side into the gourd at the bottom. Quintana about 30 cm. Also single tube, double tube, or four persons. No matter how much bamboo, mostly middle one is competent, the other as deputy tube. Head on to open seven sound hole, after the first six a traditional Hulusi not vice tube top openings only at the bottom of the tube body opening blocked with plugs, plug a wired connection between the body of the tube, then use the little finger when needed to open it. Improved Hulusi is no use of traditional stopper, but with the same competent body side of the tube to open a sound hole. Which is more convenient when playing at the sub-tube tone repeated use, and easily controlled, more flexible. When playing finger control supervisor to play the different sound hole pitches, if the primary and secondary pipes open simultaneously, the number of tubes when playing gongs, melody only by competent, vice tube only sustained tone harmony with foil, which is usually one made a sound, a send e sound, produce harmony effect, gives a subtle, hazy beauty.
Achang Hulusi and Dai similar Achang language called “shoot Le Weng”, with gourds and gold made of bamboo. Blowpipe 6 cm long, 50 cm long head, deputy tube length 33 and 17 cm, respectively, in the two deputy head tube * near side, respectively, leaving a piece of bamboo, with a thin bamboo sticks bundled together with the supervisor.
Wa in West Union, said Hulusi as “worship Hung Liao,” three bamboo insert gourd bottom sealing wax, upper and bamboo blowpipe only two centimeters long. Particularly unique is this: There are seven head apart from the sound hole, but in the bottom of the front also opened two holes. Head of playing the melody, two vice tubes emit perfect fifth interval of continuous tone for the melody accompaniment. If no continuous tone or need a single continuous tone, but also the sub tubes blocked.
Characteristic
Gourd flute commonly used in playing folk songs and other folk tunes, the most suitable for smooth melody playing music or dance tunes sound more generally long, rich harmonies, the music soft and harmonious, can better express the player’s thoughts and feelings.
Gourd flute in Dai, Achang and other peoples of the most popular entertainment fun when the instrument, every village has a lot of system flute craftsmen. Young men and women, emotions or people walking on the road as well as in the field of labor, and often sounded gourd flute, for people to add a lot of joy of life.
Source
Hulusi relatively long history, its origins can be traced back to pre-Qin era, it is the evolution from the gourd sheng adapted from. In construction remained relics of ancient musical instruments, the number of flute pipe flute is working with three of the same, two vice tube does not open and the ancient flute sound hole is also exactly the same, while a continuous interval of five degrees, then with the ancient flute The “to comprehend with all the sound” lifelike. But it has been in charge of the sound hole has opened seven, and future generations of flute is very similar, but also demonstrated its leap in history.
After the founding of New China, Chinese gourd flute folk music researcher conducted on continuous reform. In 1958, Yunnan Province Song and Dance Ensemble of the first range extended to 14 tones. Beijing has made a number of arts organizations two new gourd flute. One of the six gourd flute, you can play single, dual tone, a single continuous tone and melody plus two plus continuous tone and tone melody. While maintaining the unique sound of the original musical instruments and styles, but also increases the volume, extended range, rich colors and expressive sound. In Chinese folk instruments large garden, it has become a compelling wonderful. Early 1980, the Central Nationalities Orchestra’s visit to Japan team has used this new gourd flute playing the Japanese people, by the welcome and praise.
Dai folk spread of such a legend: Long ago, a flash flood, a small Bu Dai take picked up a large gourd, past the storm, rescued his sweetheart, his faithful love touched the Buddha, the Buddha to hoist fitted with a pipe, blowing a small Bu take wonderful music, suddenly calm, flowers, peacock, and wished the couple good luck happiness. Hulusi in the Dai people from generation to generation.
Dai people versatile, good at singing and dancing, in the festival, whether dragon boat in the river or in the river discharge soaring, or placed in the square drive, or in the bamboo house drinking song, you can hear the moving singing. Like Kazakhstan (folk singer) singing to the accompaniment of the Hulusi ancient legends and beautiful myth, singing the old society suffering and happiness of the new society.
Legend
A
About Hulusi Hulusi auspicious birthplace of origin and related legends is widely regarded as the hometown of the Hulusi ——- Yunnan Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture Lianghe mengyang, but early on in the pre-Qin era where There are many beautiful legends story.
Hulusi very long history, dating back to pre-Qin era, the folklore of many legends, legend Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan mengyang Lianghe River, a flash floods, a brave little Bu Dai take picked up a large gourd, past the stormy sea, rescued his sweetheart, the Buddha was touched by his faithful love, the bamboo insert gold gourd, gave brave little Bu take a small risk holding up golden Bu hoist, immediately blow the wonderful music. Suddenly, the calm, flowers, peacock, bless this couple auspicious happiness, since then, Hulusi in Lianghe mengyang Dai people handed down, Lianghe the De’ang, Jingpo, Achang also come to learn, have been extended to the entire Dehong and other ethnic areas, and has been for generations.
Two
In addition there is a legend that in ancient times the Dai has a ferocious beast, often down to eat people and livestock. At this point there is a great hero named Ron Artest, he experienced hardships, to the Nvwaniangniang palace Nvwaniangniang sincerely touched by Artest, gave him a gourd, can charge demons. Artest returned to his hometown, and other evil beasts arise, use the hoist will be charged Xiongshou. But Xiongshou still rattling gourd, so Artest will a bamboo inserted in the bottom of the gourd, inside Xiongshou finally quiet down, never out of mischief. Later, to commemorate the deeds of Artest, we modeled this gourd and bamboo pattern made Hulusi, passed down as musical instruments
Species
Achang gourd flute and Dai similar Achang language called “shoot Le Weng”, with gourds and gold made of bamboo. Blowpipe 6 cm long, 50 cm long head, deputy tube length 33 and 17 cm, respectively, in the two sub-tube near the head side, respectively, leaving a piece of bamboo with bamboo grass notify the competent bundled together.
Wa in West Union, said the gourd flute for “worship Hung Liao,” three flute tube is inserted into the bottom of the gourd, wax sealing, top and bamboo blowpipe only two centimeters long. Particularly unique is this: There are seven head apart from the sound hole, but in the bottom of the front also opened two holes. Head of playing the melody, two vice tubes emit perfect fifth interval of continuous tone for the melody accompaniment. If no continuous tone or need a single continuous tone, but also the sub tubes blocked.
Classification
According to the number of points attached tube pronunciation
Dual Tone Hulusi – only treble send an attached tube tone, the other accessories attached pipe only play the role.
Three tone Hulusi – two tubes are attached, respectively, issued a tone. Bass attached tube is not commonly used, especially in the bass Hulusi its usefulness is almost zero. [3]
According to the form of tubes attached
Audio plug-in – mono tubes attached soft sese tight, use disconnect.
Advantages: With tube sound hole is normally closed state. Disadvantages: You can only use sound between tracks when playing unplug plug, convert slow.
By Hole – Mono tube attached to the pronunciation to use the little finger or thumb to start controlling the opening and closing of the sound hole.
Advantages: easy to play in time with the director, the conversion quickly. Disadvantages: With pipe vents in a normally open state, is not commonly used for playing tracks shall be attached to the tube with your fingers often hold the sound hole, affecting the other fingers flexibility.
Multi-tone style – Multi-tone tube attached on the opening four vents, hair supervisor first, three, four, five sound holes sound, and with the head of hair simple melody.
Divided by pitch
Hulusi can be divided into high tone, treble Hulusi, alto Flute, Alto Flute, Tenor Flute, Bass Flute, Hulusi subwoofer and so on.
Divided by range
Traditional Hulusi – standard conventional Hulusi octave vocal range as a pure plus a perfect fourth, which contain seventeen semitones of nine full-bore tone. When the tube-tone 5 (so) when the pronunciation from 3 (mi) high an octave 6 (la), the sound holes are arranged in 3567 (bass group) 12356 (treble group).
Expanding range Hulusi – plus key and is divided into two kinds without bond. Widening range on the same charge as a separate five-octave voice.
Divided by origin
Yunnan Hulusi – sound sweet, mellow, clear analysis, is a standard conventional Hulusi, Dai has a distinct style.
North Hulusi – Voices rough, open, large volume. However, some manufacturers Hulusi Hulusi less than standard conventional one sound.
Other origin Hulusi – Voices vary.
Are classified according to disassemble
Removable Hulusi – head tube can be attached on the dial down from the hoist to facilitate professional repair, but also facilitate users to make minor adjustments.
Not removable Hulusi – Head tube attached to the adhesive on the gourd, non-professional maintenance staff can not be demolished.
Are classified by tuning
Adjustable tone Hulusi – competent, with copper pipes are installed on the tone syllable (referred to copper insert), you can make minor adjustments on the pitch, you can not adjust the tube tone. Tuning is nonlinear, adjusting the setting can not be after the change.
Non-tuning Hulusi – competent, with no installed copper tube tone syllable (referred Copper).
Tone
Hulusi, is a reed pipe coupling vibration of musical instruments, a total high, middle and bass 3 types, commonly used with D / E / F / G / A / B / other notes. Between the customs of various ethnic groups, different geographical environment makes this instrument Hulusi are not the same in construction.
Hulusi in the production of traditional pronunciation seven holes (head), a pronunciation bore a tone (not like the bamboo flute that change through the atmosphere can be in a sound hole to blow octave), plus a drum sound altogether can sound to blow eight. Therefore, the general tone of traditional Hulusi position by moving house, changing the original fingering, in theory, should be able to tune blown five to six years, but due to the limited range and scale arrangement of the traditional tune Hulusi can only turn four, and popular tune only two, both as a bass drum sound “5″ and drum sound as “1″ and the tone (tube-tone 5) is most commonly used. Hulusi in C major, for example, in addition to can blow the tune (the third hole for one) can also blow G tune (drum sound as “1″), which is the national pentatonic tuning based on six-tone style in playing music There are some limitations, not all songs can be played, according to the range of the songs to choose appropriate circumstances, the best tune is the third hole as “1″ played, if necessary swapping songs can be solved by replacing the Hulusi , commonly used Hulusi have lower B, C, D, F tune and so on.
Unlike the familiar range Hulusi flute that can reach more than three octaves, usually at 9 degrees or less, no more than 11 degrees for the nation modal scale. Its tone gentle and delicate, mellow funky, soft charming, very expressive, well loved by the people. Whether folk music, or the professional stage can hear it playing melodious voice.
Hulusi commonly used in playing folk songs, minor and other folk tunes, best suited to play the melody and smooth lyrical song, “Moonlight Fengweizhu,” “Song of length” and other classic tracks as its representative. Hulusi in Dai, Achang and other peoples of the most popular entertainment fun when the instrument, in the festival, whether it is the dragon boat in the river or in the river discharge, “soaring”, or in the square “rush pendulum” or drinking festivities in bamboo house, you can hear the sounds of their voices. Young men and women, emotions or people walking on the road as well as in the field of labor, and often sounded Hulusi for people to add a lot of joy of life.
Range
1. Sopranino: Little B flat, a small B flat, small A tone, small G tune
2. Treble: small in F, a small E flat, small E flat, small D tune
3. Soprano: small drop D tuning, a small C notes (beginner preferred), B tune
4. In tone: B flat (beginner preferred), A tune
5. Tenor: A flat tone, G tune
6. Bass: G flat tone, big F major
7. Subwoofer: Big E flat, big D tuning, tune Big C
Playing position
Standing
Requirements are: the body’s natural standing, feet slightly apart, showing toe stand, legs straight, the body’s center of gravity placed between the legs (if necessary, can be moved around). Upper body straight, but not stiff. Yang head straight, chest naturally straighten. Visual front. Shoulders relaxed balance. Elbows natural droop, arms can not be against your body, to maintain a certain distance with the waist (about ten centimeters) in front of the body centerline. Musical Instruments and body form 45 degrees to 50 degrees.
Sitting
His upper body the same requirements and standing, generally sitting in a chair at the first third of the feet tread separation, the foot slightly in front, kick later, but can not stand the legs or feet pay *. Seat height should be appropriate, so as not to affect the respiratory muscles full movement.
Chi Fa
Requirements fingers naturally relax into a curved holding Hulusi, arms and elbow muscles to relax, that belly peripheral edge of the contact hole should be feeling when playing the role of air, that belly resonance, a slight numbness, its tone flexible, too pressed the hands are sore, sound snapped on playing disadvantage. Another finger holes, should not lift too high, otherwise it would be stiff fingers, affecting performance speed. General fingers carried over from the sound hole 2 — 3 cm can be.
Throttle, mouth and mouth fresh wind
1. Throttle
Refers to the atmosphere between the upper and lower lips when playing through the gap at. Throttle vary, along with the sound level varies. Reduce throttle when playing bass, treble when playing amplified throttle. Throttle position is not left-right, should be at the middle of the lips, upper and lower lips to latch onto Hulusi blow holes, depending Hulusi blow hole making situation to decide whether the upper lip than lower lip slightly protruding (General Under normal circumstances should be consistent upper and lower lips), cheeks can not muster, should be forced to close to the inside.
2. Lipped
After blowing out the breath damper is lipped. Lipped quickly or slowly, mouth blowing wind choices can control the intensity and gas consumption play a role, because Hulusi are vertical-blown reed pipe coupling vibrations of musical instruments, mainly composed by the reed and bamboo coupled vibration pronunciation, When playing mouth latch blow hole, with ultra-blowing method, airflow through the air box (gourd), part of the reed vibrating reed tongue and excite the resonance of the air column inside the tube and pronunciation. Generally not used when playing gene (slow blowing method using a tubular blown sound). Change is a high priority of the damper abdomen, diaphragm and chest of activities to meet the control, to control the party.
3. Jin mouth
The size of the mouth fresh air damper is based on the size and tone of urgency to determine. Be sure to pay attention to the entrance mouth fresh breeze of wind closely. While playing Hulusi when lipped mouth Energizer has its priorities, but because playing Hulusi is the use of ultra-blowing method, so urgency is relative, there is a limit, that it is in a certain range. Which is caused by the conditions of their limited Hulusi (narrow range).
Fingering
For Hulusi speaking, fingering a common, full press for 5
Full-press for 5

Full press for 5 [4]
2, for a full press
For a full-press

Full press for a [5]
Method
Playing method
(A) the right hand ring finger, middle finger, index finger, respectively, with the first section of the belly open and close the first, second and third sound hole, thumb drag on the bottom head. Left ring finger, middle finger, index finger, respectively, with the first section of the belly open and close, fourth, fifth, sixth sound hole, thumb open open before the bottom of the seventh in charge of the sound hole.
(Two) take a deep breath, inhaling the gas as much as some inspiration, breath sink, the flow of air under controlled circumstances moderate uniform outward exhaled breath to be smooth, do not suddenly strong suddenly weak.
(Three) playing in the treble when you use slow blow method (airflow reduction) Bass emergency use when blowing (air flow strengthened).
Note:
1. Attached to the left and right side of the little finger sound tube can not be fixed and should be based on flexibility when playing situations, such as when using the three fingers (ie opening and closing four hundred fifty-six sound hole) when playing the right hand little finger should be attached to the first tone hole under side, and the left hand little finger can naturally play with lift, so as not to affect three fingers when playing on the flexible use when using the next three fingers (ie opening and closing twelve three holes) to play, the left hand little finger should Back deputy tube position, while the right hand little finger can naturally play with lift.
2. Various sound hole in the press (both closed) when the first finger must use regulations that belly will sound hole at Yan, can not leak, otherwise it will affect the pitch and timbre. After playing Hulusi, should make the arms, wrists relaxed, moderately fingers bent inward. Open the sound hole, the finger should not lift too high, too high will affect the speed and flexibility of playing, but not too low, too low will affect pitch and volume.
Playing Techniques
Hulusi with respect to some extent in playing flute, suona other ethnic wind instrument to be simple, not so much complicated techniques, and this is because of its structure due to its limitations, but it was like a very sweet tone expression. Flute playing techniques commonly used are the following:
1. Tonguing. Tonguing is the more important Hulusi playing techniques. Tonguing divided into single spit, spit double, three spit three.
① single spit. Using the tip of the tongue against the upper palate Ministry first half (or “spit” word pronunciation former state) cut the air and then quickly release the tongue, along with breath blown. Put through a one continuous action, the flow of air into the mouthpiece intermittently, you can get intermittent effect of playing a single spit, spit complete a single process. Single spit in general note above with “T” mark. According to the needs of music performance, single spit off the spit and can be divided into two kinds of even spit.
② Double spit. Dual-spit is used to complete the rapid succession of playing skills. First, with the tongue on the palate before the Ministry resisted, then release, issued a “spit” word. In short, “spit” the word is issued, plus immediately send a “bitter”, which will “spit bitter,” the word is linked double spit. Dual-spit symbol “TK”.
③ three spit. Three is actually a single spit spit spit and double in some rhythmic pattern on the integrated use of symbols “TTK” or “TKT”, or “spit spit bitter” or “bitter spit spit.”
2. Legato. Legato is one of the commonly used techniques. For lyrical cantabile phrases or music section. With the symbol “⌒” (legato lines) that the tone legato lines in addition to spit the first tone, the rest of the sounds are not spit, when playing legato to emphasize continuity and smooth.
3. Portamento. Portamento and techniques in playing Hulusi is widely used, its effect has sleek, gorgeous characteristics, application portamento techniques can simulate the human voice and sound effects wipe on stringed instruments. Portamento Portamento on there, down sound, complex portamento three.
4. Tremolo. Can be obtained using the tremolo technique as singing-like “noise” effect, greatly enriched the musical expressiveness, is that people reveal the inner life, an important way to express one’s inner feelings. Tremolo Tremolo refers to another gas tremolo two kinds.
5. Vibrato. Vibrato is composed of two different pitches alternating fast and composition. Specific requirements are issued immediately after the original sound and uniform rapid opening and closing of its second or third degree above the sound of the sound hole, the symbol for the “tr” or “tr ~ ~ ~ ~”
6. Reduplicated, playing sounds. Two kinds of playing techniques and effects on almost, about their definition is everyone different. That at some moments before the advent of sound plus a very short time when playing a sophomore spent three degrees tone, tone stack symbol “and” that play sound symbol “Rolling” said.
Hulusi

Hulusi
Tuning Tips
Hulusi are wind instruments, all more or less affected by Band temperature and humidity changes, in different geographical and climatic conditions, there will be subtle changes in intonation. In order to respond to this change, the need for proper intonation adjustment and, thus, mixing of the interface type jacks. Tuning Sockets Through
Hulusi

Hulusi
Stretching over the copper interface, extending or shortening the length of the air column inside the instrument to implement the pitch changes in order to meet the performance, the need of teaching. Principle is to unplug the interface plug location, the air column inside the bamboo growth, relatively lower overall pitch a little bit; Conversely, the overall pitch will be increased, so that at 10 cents to the instrument can be adjusted between a minor second, in order to achieve with the band, CD music coordination purposes.
In using the mixer type Hulusi, note the plug interface when not excessive force, can not straighten straight push, use the appropriate power sliding side edge rotation around until the intonation adjusted to the appropriate height. Try to avoid some of the outsiders who do not understand or fully using the instrument in order to avoid wrong operation, causing the interface deformation, damage or leaks. Maintenance, regular or occasional need to add the right amount of lubricant copper interfaces, interfaces to avoid rust corrosion.
Note that: the just intonation tuning pitch as small absolute appropriate adjustments, and not as Transpose to use. Because Hulusi pitch tuning adjustment for different amplitude is not the same, in principle, the more recent reed sound from the console interface to the adjustment of the more sensitive, the more distant the more retarded, and tube 5 is not affected by the modulation tone changing tone control interface.
Breathing
Generally can be grouped into three: thoracic breathing, abdominal breathing, abdominal breathing (breathing mix). Is currently recognized as the most scientific method is a hybrid breathing. Its advantage lies in the coordination of muscle groups throughout the respiratory movements, the formation of the whole movement, and thus more than the amount inhaled breath, deep breath, exhale also easy to control. Now mix breathing are described below: the so-called breathing which includes “inhale” and “exhale” these two aspects. Inhale, relax the body parts, nose and mouth while breathing, careful not to put the shoulder and bring out any sound. Hybrid breathing is to Breathe belly, chest and abdomen as well as between the chest. Put the shoulder will hinder the flavor of sinking, the atmosphere in the store to the chest, it would Xiongshihuxi it. To be avoided.
Inhalation of the gas as much as some expansion of lung, chest, the lower abdomen and the natural outward expansion of the diaphragm down. Gas, breath sink. Then the abdomen and waist are filled with the feeling of breath, and chest will feel more relaxed. Correct gas storage site should be lower thoracic and abdominal cavities. Therefore, inhale, not only can not look inside the abdomen contraction, but also to a slight outward bulge around the waist also will expand to.
Suction method of practice, very important, wind is the most used gas, if the gas is wrong, not only can not play good, but also seriously affect their health, here are several ways: first, first within the chest and abdomen All breath blown, then the body is very relaxed state inhale. If you then chest, abdominal cavity there is a feeling of air entering, it shows the suction method and the gas storage site basically correct. Secondly, they can even understand you smell the flowers and vigorous exercise (such as long-distance running, hiking, etc.) after deep inspiration suction action. When playing suction, requires a lot of air inhaled in a relatively short period of time, therefore, generally the mouth and nose while breathing, relaxation throat.
Exhale, requiring abdominal, lumbar and diaphragm always have control (ie, to maintain a certain degree of tension), and put breath in the case of a controlled sparingly and evenly outward exhale. With the exhaled breath, abdominal, lumbar muscle groups and so on, gradually shrinking, the diaphragm also will be reset. Here special need to emphasize that: just exhale, must immediately abdomen (should be slightly outwards “top”). Because it will cause the abdomen abdomen immediately squeezed inside, forcing the diaphragm would fall ahead of reset, thus bringing the breath pushed the chest, increasing the burden on the chest. Thus, not only is not conducive to control the speed of breath, and a long time will affect the player’s health. When the breath blown about one-half, inside the abdominal part of the naturally closed, so that the process is more correct breath. And do not wait until exhausted breath before going to suck.
In short, playing in the expiratory pressure should always be driven at a certain delivery out evenly. Breath to be smooth, do not suddenly strong suddenly weak. To meet this requirement, must be repeated practice. Can be carried out by blowing long tone exercises, you can also practice against his breath back. With practice, learners will feel the atmosphere of the velocity, pressure, stability, etc., thereby enhancing the ability to consciously control the breath. Illustrate two points: the length, strength and other specific circumstances, flexible grasp inspiratory volume.
Playing in the “emergency blow” and “slow blow.” Blow by acute pressure big, gas velocity rapidly. Slow blow air is exhaled slowly. Under normal circumstances, playing bass with acute blowing, blowing, the treble with slow blowing. Master and apply the correct breathing techniques and other wind instruments for playing Hulusi crucial, and we must attach great importance to the learner.
Famous songs
Famous expert
Main speaker Dequan: May 1958 Born in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture Lianghe mengyang town to help cover the village. Dai culture since childhood, nurtured by the main speaker Tak-chuen, 10 years old when he began to follow his grandfather, uncle to learn Hulusi playing and production. Cattle a day out riding, always carry his Hulusi, as long as one has free time, blowing on a just learning to pick a song. Growing up, the main speaker Dequan to Lianghe sugar pump room when a worker. At that time, the factory’s air always smelled wonderful Hulusi music. Dequan mind all the main speaker on the Hulusi, he constantly walk in the community and learn a variety of ethnic instruments manufacturing and playing skills, his hands and blowing Hulusi music is always better than the average person to be nice.
With a skill, the 1980s, the main speaker Dequan out of the mountains, came to Kunming, the founder of the “main speaker Dequan Hulusi art studio.” Hulusi virtue of love and childhood acquired a solid foundation, innovation and Hulusi playing skills and ingenuity in making Hulusi adopted a new approach that extends the range Hulusi, let Dai people this a traditional musical instruments have a more extensive form of expression and space, creating a “main speaker Dequan” as a trademark instrument, created one after another Hulusi new song, and a recording released an album. Served as ballet “Songkran”, the first International Tourism Festival opening night, “Jiang Yin” and other programs Hulusi playing and singing, with the album “passionate Hulusi” tapes. He and Yang Zhiyu, Li Chunhua jointly compiled the first set Hulusi, Bau audio tutorials and supporting VCD CD “Dai style charm.”
The evening of 16 September 2008 10:10, famous folk artist making virtuoso gourd Siba Wu, China Nationalities Orchestra Society gourd Siba Wu, vice president of Professional Committee of the main speaker Tak Chuen, died due to sudden stroke, unfortunately Kunming died for his short 50 Spring draw a sorry end. Reporters arrived early yesterday in Kunming Kai Tak-chuen, the main speaker District Court’s home. With friends and family came from all directions hearing with the memory of the China’s “Hulusi king.” It is reported that the main speaker, Mr. Dequan farewell ceremony is scheduled at 9:00 on the 20th was held in Kunming tubing bridge funeral.
WANG Tong Yin, male, born in 1955 in Henan dancheng years. College degree, is now China Nationalities Orchestra Society of Professional Committee of the governing flute, Hulusi Professional Committee, Henan National Orchestral Association, the National Social Arts Grading Committee examiner, Henan Bamboo Flute Hulusi committee vice chairman, Zhengzhou Zhongyuan Bamboo Flute Hulusi professional art school principals. Current University and Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, retired veteran university professor.
2004 founded Zhengzhou Zhongyuan Bamboo Flute Hulusi professional art school. After years of artistic practice, the Quartet quest, studious, wind music playing in the nation and education has accumulated a wealth of experience, forming a deep and delicate style of playing.
Li Zhongpei: main speaker Dequan first teacher. February 1955 Born in Yunnan Dehong Mans Lianghe which Meng Dong Dai village a stockade. Fond of music since childhood, childhood by local celebrities, folk artists and Gongquan Guo et al influence, learn erhu, flute, Flute and many other instrumentalists. September 1972 to work in more than 30 years, has been engaged in cultural and artistic work – performer. 1980 State ensembles Performer Gongquan Guo Dai labeled by the State Ministry of Youth Hulusi four performers, the main speaker Dequan, after that, he wrote to ask him to learn Hulusi Gongquan Guo play. Gongquan Guo after receiving the letter, wrote back: you Lianghe to Mans too far, I introduce you to my brother – Lizhong Pei Wen workers in the county team, he learned the system blowpipe music, was the main speaker at Lianghe Dequan When sugar workers through Gongquan Guo introduced – Hulusi playing with my learning. I’ll teach him to learn systematically breath flute skills and basic knowledge of music and folk music theory. The bamboo flute breath, skills, strengths and Hulusi features, style combine to fit several classes each week, up to three years old, playing in the folk Hulusi basis, through the period of study, His playing skills, music theory and other advances and formed a unique style, and finally in the early 1990s there has been the main speaker Dequan Hulusi, Bau instrumental album, his unique style to Hulusi, Bau every family, praise at home and abroad without a break.
Li Chunhua: Born in Yunnan, childhood learning to follow his father and grandfather playing folk instruments. When studying in Kunming Normal School, under the tutelage of Mr. Wang Shaolu learning music theory and Hulusi, Bau play, later admitted Yunnan Arts University to continue their studies, many collected folk music material, has engaged Hulusi, Bau research and playing for more than ten I uploaded. March 2000 published by the distance of the individual monograph “Hulusi, Bau Practical Guide.” In the same year in September recorded a solo album, “festival De’ang mountain”, in April 2002 by the Yunnan Ethnic Culture Audiovisual Publishing House published a special trip personal teaching “how to play good Hulusi, Bau.”
Wei Shijian: composer, educator, Department of Shandong Linqing, Chinese Artists Association, China Nationalities Orchestra Society gourd Siba Wu professional committee member, “Hulusi Forum” editorial editor. More than twenty in the country music periodicals, radio, first published more than 200 vocal works, papers 23, access to national and provincial awards nearly 30 times. He has served as “Xiangjiang song” columnist, “primary and secondary music newspaper” special correspondent, “Worker Music News” contributing editor, reporter, whose biography income “Dictionary of Chinese art world celebrity.” Has published “Wei Shijian Excellent Campus song election” (Jinan Press), “Hulusi big textbook” (China Press), “Chinese Hulusi Performance Programme” (New World Press), “silk rhyme” CD album (with to cooperate) (Qilu Electronic Audio and Video Publishing House). 2009 in the country, “the Lake Cup” contest in their original works Hulusi Hulusi solo song “Autumn” won the overall ranking sixth.
Hou Chen: March 22, 1956 Born in Jixi City, Heilongjiang Province, native of Shandong Laiyang. National Class One Performer. Current Chinese Musicians Association China Nationalities Orchestra Society ﹑ ﹑ Chinese gourd Siba Wu, vice president of the Arts Council, China Nationalities Orchestra Grading Committee of Experts senior examiner ﹑ Shaanxi Province gourd Siba Wu Nationalities Orchestra Society Professional Committee chairman; Shaanxi Province Nationalities Orchestra Society Deputy Secretary-General ﹑ Shaanxi Province Song and Dance Theatre pipe musician.
1973 admitted to the Xi’an Conservatory of Music, where he studied Yuanxiu and, Zhang Liang, Mr. Chen Zhong learning flute, percussion, Sheng, Xun other professional and technical, to obtain double major degree certificate. Congyi, to the unique basic ﹑ ﹑ the skill as well as a deep understanding of the work arena rigorous style, excellent successfully completed more than 8000 screenings solo missions. He’s playing both warm and full and wild, uninhibited, both delicate and profound freedom; both have explosive artistic appeal, making his long-term artistic practice and gradually formed its own unique artistic style and artistic features, combined with solid and good skills and playing flute base, after years of hard work and study hard to make his long-term artistic practice, has accumulated rich experience in theater and art elements in the music arts emerged as a music pride. Also unique in the creative aspect of his work conception extraordinary melodic fluency ﹑ ﹑ ﹑ Yuyishenke distinctive style, creative Hulusi solo [Baliu [6] Love] / “Tea Song” / “marriage”, [Prairie Love Song ], “Dance of the Yao”, “wind gourd”, “Hmong flower”, “Tea Song”, “beautiful vine basket” / “fire tower night” [[Tin Lok]] “The Legend of Princess,” “race Jiangnan “and many other works as a national Grading first track and in the country of the tournament award. Which has four entries and Sheng Profile by the Chinese Taipei Arts Publishing House “Chinese sheng virtuoso music meta” and published. Compiled by “Sheng album”, “Xun album” by the World Publishing Company published. At the same time, he has compiled the “gourd Siba Wu tutorial” “gourd Siba Wu auxiliary Grading Guide” by the Shaanxi Tourism Publishing House, the latest edited gourd Siba Wu Exam Pieces [[]] as well as by the selection of the Chinese Musicians Association Chairman Mr. Zhao Jiping producer of the album [[]] Hou Chen works have been published in Shaanxi Publishing Group.
April 2002 to Vice President Zeng Qinghong over as head of the Chinese Communist Party delegation visit to Japan Oita performances, played Flute solo “Tea Song” in October 2009 should Musicians Association of Shanxi Province, Shanxi Folk Orchestra Society held a personal invitation to the concert in Taiyuan special performance. November at the invitation of Tianjin Hulusi club organized art lectures. February 2010 the Commission shall invite the Shenzhen gourd Siba Wu held talks Hulusi Northwest style. April 2010 to participate in the Chinese Embassy in South Korea, China organized by the China National Tourism Administration tourism-cum-Tourism Expo Promotion Week activities as cucurbit [Jewel], [Night of the fire tower solo missions. Everywhere were highly praised by domestic and international audience and a warm welcome.
Results have been income "Chinese Musicians List", "Chinese Yearbook of local art talent", "Dictionary of Chinese musicians."
Qu Wa Harvin, (the stage name), and Han Name: Sze Man. Yunnan province. Gourd Siba Wu Yunnan Nationalities Orchestra Society Professional Committee executive director. China Nationalities Orchestra Society Hainan branch executive. Guangxi gourd Siba Wu professional executive committee members.
2003 self Hulusi, the same year founded the "song wa Harvin Hulusi teaching network" for the tens of thousands of amateur recording Hulusi Hulusi free seminars. 2004 Art Institute of Yunnan Hulusi Grading candidates successfully passed eight (at the highest level). Meanwhile in August, on behalf of Hainan to participate in "Dandelion Cup" Youth Art Talent auditions Beijing finals, won the silver medal folk music group. 2005 to participate in the Ministry of Culture of the "China Art Horizons" Contest won the silver medal in Hainan Division folk group. July 2008 song Kawa Harvin teachers to participate in the Shanghai Conservatory of Yunnan Hulusi Grading, won: ten, excellent.
August 2007 thanks to the famous song Kawa Harvin played gourd Siba Wu, composer Lin Rongchang teacher for the division. Learn to play and compose. 2007-2012 period Qu Wa Harvin Buddha creative music teacher "black incense", Sichuan Liangshan Yi style Hulusi song "executive Margaret Nie" for the Thanksgiving parental upbringing and the creation of "thanksgiving" to Lijiang as the background of the "Li River waves Qingsi", adapted drama "Jinggangshan> theme song for the high and low Hulusi ensemble of the" Red Army princes slowly you go, "Creation of Yunnan Dai style song" Happy Dai villages, "high bass Flute Ensemble song "dreamland Peacock", the Mongolian Hulusi song "Caoyuanmuge" and the Tibetan style Hulusi song "Kampot Dance" and other more than the first Hulusi works.
2012 began, Qu Wa Harvin teacher mentor Lin Rongchang teacher's guidance, combined acoustic and composer careful study law, and strive to make their own creative Hulusi song, accompanied produce their own musical accompaniment. The "Happy Dai villages," and "Executive Margaret Nie" Hulusi music has been popular.
Yue small Bu: Chinese Hulusi few one female production house, music, Bachelor, "happy gourd" brand founder. Born in great hometown - Hunan Xiangtan. Twenty-one musical instrument industry experience in the production and playing Hulusi, children instrumental music creation and education in both theoretical research in the field accomplishments, created the "Good News Olympic Golden Bay," "Fishing Music" and other popular songs Hulusi . In recent years, served as teachers Xiangtan Radio and Television University, Guangdong Province gourd Siba Wu Professional Committee, China Education Association New Classroom Teaching Fellows and other duties. China is now the Education Association, China National Orchestral Association, the National Ethnic musical artistic level Grading Zhuhai Golden Gulf test area test sites responsible for the gourd Siba Wu heritage and contribute to the development.
Zhao also [Pinyin: zhaoye], Hunan University of Technology Bachelor of music, flute professional, China Nationalities Orchestra Society, member of Chinese Musicians Association. Began studying flute, bamboo flute master many, Hulusi skills. For flute, Hulusi learning and education has a deep study. Through the accumulation of experience and the daily study, Selected own, integrating a set of content is more refined, more practical, “Lin Xuan Zhao also teach you to learn music instrument series” Bamboo Flute, Flute textbook “Hulusi flute instrumental learning basic fine knitting tutorials. ”
Music
1. Moonlight Fengweizhu
2. Vows
3. Sentimental Bau
4. Bamboo forest
5. Cottage songs
6. Dong night
7. Dance of the Yao
8. Moonlight
9. Bamboo songs
10. Put your horse folk songs
11. Beautiful Golden Peacock
12. Jungangzhiye
13. Dreaming Jingpo Hill
14. Mengyang River
15. Ancient songs
16 golden peacock
17. Catch the pendulum
18. Charming gourd flute
19. King mountain slope
20. Banna night
21. Golden Peacock with Fengweizhu
21 south of the clouds
22 Lugu Lake of Love
23 Concert Hulusi 552009-04-21
24 Third Sister Liu Hulusi 592009-04-21
25 Tiexuedanxin Hulusi 582009-04-20
26 Wandering Songstress Hulusi music 452009-04-20
27 Fishing Music (Flute Trio song)
28 Golden Bay Olympic Good News
29 playing hop song
30 blue Shambhala
31 Hudiequanbian
Songs Description:
1. Moonlight Fengweizhu Composer: famous composer Shi Guangnan Lyricist: songwriter, poet, singer Ni Weide: Off Mucun
2. Vows in 1957 movie “Lusheng Love Song” theme song
Hulusi put two songs perform perfectly, you can pass Hulusi “listen” to the lovers falling in love, immersive.
3. South of the clouds far-reaching implication, tunes mildly, soothing will take you to a very beautiful state, so you forget.
4. “Fishing Music” Flute Trio song.
Composer: Yue small Bu, Yong Dan. Recording schedule: Xiangtan happy gourd art studio.
The main theme of this song comes from the Zhuhai folk song “Pan Fisherman boat under the moon.” Melodious melody outset People have a warm familiar feeling, so that we Zhuhai features folk melodies echo in the audience ears soon. After a period of melodies, tunes into the allegro section, this section mainly Zhuhai saltwater song material is still in requisition ceremony commenced, fully embodies the characteristics of folk songs in Sha Tin. Next is the turn sections, lyrical mood suddenly become a long, sharp contrast with the second paragraph of the constitution, however, tonality also changed, from requisition type tuning into a palace, the music becomes more bright colors, the music section Sec is a reproduction of the first paragraph, back to requisition type, which is once again the subject section of the review and consolidation of the entire song emphasize the theme and tone.
This song is the main tune Flute solo by the F primer part, leads to the general mood music and major musical thoughts. First paragraph of the section consists of a complex music composition, sound on the front end of the business, after the end of the block on the intrinsic sound, echoing the previous paragraph. This section mainly fishermen fishing before the hopeful mood. Second paragraph of the first playing small primer, followed by a repeat of four phrases music section constituted. Speed, while the beat becomes 6 | 8 shot, is a dance rhythms, so this section of the accompaniment texture with a dance of texture. Still with the main theme based. This paragraph reflects the fishermen were fishing in the fun and joy of harvest.
Third start swapping, the music will enter in F, deep, deep listening experience very reminiscent of an old fisherman spoke about the picture, also, or smoking a pipe down, sitting bow, also, or gaze Creel, lookout waters, people have a sense of infinite vicissitudes, suddenly able to savor fishermen harvest share of hardships behind. Followed by the paragraph once again, tune into C notes, music clear up, fresh breath pavement from the Song screen turned an innocent child, but also symbolizes the continuation of life, the child makes the hearts of Fishing Music Experience fishing harvest to another joy. Long and short in front of the two phrases constitute the performance fishermen fishing near the end of the various mood. Make the audience feel the redeployment process has brought significant effect of hearing.
Reproduction of the first paragraph of section of the same syntactic structure, but varies on texture, using a polyphonic approach, and constitutes the first paragraph echoes.
Echoing with the primer end. Music by the water leads, as calm, show after a rain, humid air boats further away picture, introduction aftertaste.
Sha folk songs, including salt water, high-tong song, songs, etc. Regardless sister. Sung so far there are over 5000 tracks first. Folk on the Pearl River in Sha Tin on “Dan Family” labor practices, living conditions and other aspects of the research is important. This song’s creative intent is to better this kind of folk songs performed in different forms to convey, beyond the limitations of the song to make it spread even more widely. For “Fishing Fun” music creation, Xiangtan happy penned gourd art studio is open. We want to keep trying, and ultimately to find Zhuhai folk and children’s musical with the best condition, we hope that you will feel in the effort to listen to music at the same time hard work in contemporary Chinese rural primary schools, a music teacher at the forefront of teaching children choreography on music creation and organization of painstaking and our folk arts development, protection of the track.
5. “Olympic Good News Golden Bay”, Xiangtan happy little gourd art studio Yue Bu teacher composer, the Central Conservatory of Music Professor Fang Jian play MIDI production, by the Head of the Central Conservatory of Music Professor Yao Henglu guidance sets China Yunnan specialty instrument (gourd wire) with the Olympic spirit, Zhuhai Golden Gulf people’s patriotic enthusiasm for originality is one of the major dance theme, Golden Bay is the largest one in the history of the Olympic Games as the protagonist of one hundred people Hulusi device Music and Dance Art chapter. Song with simple, melodious melody wrote China’s successful Olympic bid in time, the whole of Golden Bay people happy experience. “Olympic Good News Golden Bay” cultivate people’s sentiments Golden Bay, Golden Bay firm will of people, encouraged by the spirit of active life, and enhance national cohesion.
This song is a single-Rings-style structure, composed of 12 sections of free primers leads.
Musical structure is as follows:
Introduction A Connection B
12 a b cd e f g h i
4.4 44644446
First, the primer first half, with the national anthem played, we realized that a great event in China will be held on this fertile land! This so many Chinese children and grandchildren look forward to the historical moment has finally arrived! Then, pure, melodious, elegant Flute solo starts, turns converting the first eight measures long tone, vividly depicting the village of Jin Wannong quiet, peaceful picture, Green Mountain Golden Bay seems clear water for this the good news of the arrival of a certain power savings. Then a bunch of the scale from low to high-style fusion of four beats long tone, this power will be pushed to the highest point accumulation, which opened a Golden Bay people celebrate the Olympic prelude!
The first paragraph by the four transforms constituted bB Gong finally landed on. The performance of the Golden Bay tilted kids little feet, cried to jump silver bell to open, to bring the good news of the motherland parents, brothers and sisters around.
Connecting section by circuitous melodies rapid ascent to feather sound on. A string of rapid, powerful cadence scales carried herald the good news of the successful bid instantly spread around the Golden Bay, the last of a long sound performance is far from the lens, the Golden Bay’s highly anticipated every household , staring eyes where filled with hopes and wishes for the Olympics!
Second, is the climax of the whole song. Written by the five, the first two are from the relationship with contractors. The third sentence in the rhythm and melody has some morphological changes in the head and the third sentence of the fourth sentence is basically the same, but different ending off the sound, tone horn fall on the previous sentence, the sentence after the fall providers tone, the last one is the concluding sentence, and finally back on bB Palace tone. Golden Bay on the square was full of people, that’s successful bid to pour people together to celebrate the success of the motherland! Everyone singing and dancing, cheering! Jin Wancheng as a whole sea of ​​joy! For a time, ten million pairs of wings from Kobayashi mountains rise up and greet the new century, Chaoyang; ten million Zhengfan in Golden Bay marching towards the Olympic hall ……
Note: Yue small Bu teacher said: “I hope this song will become a platform for everyone from Olympic Furthermore, let us further away from the Olympic spirit!”

Categories difference
1. According to the number of points attached tube pronunciation:
Dual Tone Hulusi – only send a tone treble attached tube, the other attached pipe only play chords role
Three tone Hulusi – two tubes are attached, respectively, issued a tone. Bass attached tube is not commonly used, especially in the bass Hulusi its usefulness is almost zero.
2. Press the form of a tube attached to minutes:
Audio plug-in – mono tubes attached soft sese tight, use disconnect.
Advantages: With tube sound hole is normally closed state. Disadvantages: You can only use sound between tracks when playing unplug plug, convert slow.
By Hole – Mono tube attached to the pronunciation to use the little finger or thumb to start controlling the opening and closing of the sound hole.
Advantages: easy to play in time with the director, the conversion quickly. Disadvantages: With pipe vents in a normally open state, is not commonly used for playing tracks shall be attached to the tube with your fingers often hold the sound hole,
Affect other flexibility of the fingers.
Multi-tone style – Multi-tone tube attached on the opening four vents, hair supervisor first, three, four, five sound holes sound, and with the head of hair simple melody.
3. Divided by pitch
Hulusi can be divided into high tone, treble Hulusi, alto Flute, Alto Flute, Tenor Flute, Bass Flute, Hulusi subwoofer and so on.
4. Divided by range
Traditional Hulusi – standard conventional Hulusi octave vocal range as a pure plus a perfect fourth, which contain seventeen semitones of nine full-bore tone. When the tube-tone 5 (so) when the pronunciation from 3
(Mi) high an octave 6 (la), the sound holes are arranged in 3567 (bass group) 12356 (treble group).
Expanding range Hulusi – plus key and is divided into two kinds without bond. Widening range on the same charge as a separate five-octave voice.
5. Divided by origin
Yunnan Hulusi – sound sweet, mellow, clear analysis, is a standard conventional Hulusi, Dai has a distinct style.
North Hulusi – Voices rough, open, large volume. However, some manufacturers Hulusi Hulusi less than standard conventional one sound.
Other origin Hulusi – Voices vary.
6. Are classified according to disassemble
Removable Hulusi – head tube can be attached on the dial down from the hoist to facilitate professional repair, but also facilitate users to make minor adjustments.
Not removable Hulusi – Head tube attached to the adhesive on the gourd, non-professional maintenance staff can not be demolished.
7. Are classified by tuning
Adjustable tone Hulusi – competent, with copper pipes are installed on the tone syllable (referred to copper insert), you can make minor adjustments on the pitch, you can not adjust the tube tone. Tuning is nonlinear, adjusting the setting can not be after the change.
Non-tuning Hulusi – competent, with no installed copper tube tone syllable (referred Copper).
8. In accordance with the material classification
Gourd, wood, plastics, cloisonne ……
Double tube Hulusi
Traditional dual hoses Hulusi – two identical head mounted on the same gourd, also issued two-tone melody.
Double-barreled two tone Hulusi – Combined Hulusi. This tune is about the two F and bB head mounted on one pair of double mouth cavity gourd, a combination of a wide range Hulusi F tune. So
Can be combined into a lot of tone Hulusi.
Dual polyphonic Hulusi – by either a major or minor third with A, B, two head mounted on the same gourd, also issued chords.

Grading Tracks
A
Golden Peacock gently curved jump …… Ren China
Dai Folk kick girl …………
Serenade …………… Xu Guoping adaptation
Love Song of Kangding, Sichuan Folk …………
Auld Lang Syne …… Scottish folk song
Two
There is a beautiful place …… bamboo non-music
Singing Song Yang Jiansheng gold gourd ………
People want to go ……… Wei Ming Yue Qu
Northeast folk lullaby …………………
Three
Moonlight Fengweizhu ………… Qu Shi Guangnan
Lahu spring ……………… Zhouxiu Zhu Qu
Zhu Jiuge the song Le ……………………
Zi Zhudiao …………………… Suzhou Folk
Four
Peacock lake Yang Xi Qu ………………
Ruili America …………………… Wei Ming Yue Qu
Jingpo Hill …………………… Linrong Chang Qu
Banna night ………………… Caopeng Ju Song
Beautiful Song Yang Jiansheng Golden Peacock ……………
Happy days
Five
Moonlight …………………… Gongbing Cheng Qu
Gong festival De’ang chrome curved mountain …………
Han-lift song happy days ………………
Qingqing Qu Li Chunhua Yu lake ……………
Six
Dong Yang Ming Qu night ………………
Little less ………………… Yangyi Dan Qu Bu
Bamboo Lee song songs ………………
Qu Li Chunhua Silk Love ……………………
Bamboo Alba ………… Linrong Chang Qu
Seven
Chen Jia given song Moonlight homesickness ………………
Lahu love ………………… Tan learn songs
Hani songs ……………… Chen rhenium song
Eight
Bamboo forest ……………… Gongquan Guo Qu
Lee Jin-song Pastoral …………………
Qu Yajun Dai village songs ………………
Fishermen …………………… Yantie Ming Qu
Achang Wife ……………… Linrong Chang Qu
Dreaming of home ice melt song ………………
Nine
Lu Yong Qu Xiao love ………………
Spring to prairie …………… Yantie Ming Qu
Songkran ……… Zhou Chenglong joyful song
Playing hop song …………… Song Chunhua
Golden Peacock ………… God Bless song in
Ten
Qu Li Chunhua lotus flowers ………………
Charming gourd Xiao Qu Yang Jiansheng ………
Hunting under ……………… Linrong Chang Qu
Known manufacturers
Yunnan wicker Lang Folk Instruments, Musical Instrument Jinhong Hangzhou Yuhang, Hangzhou Zither Instrument Co., Ltd., Hangzhou Three Friends Band, Ben Chun folk music factory in Kunming, Kunming Yun Nan acoustic folk music instrument Britain, Kunming blue peacock folk music factory, Kunming Dai rhyme folk Plant, Tianjin forest bird musical instrument, Yunnan Wang Jun Folk Instruments, Yunnan’s Melody Limited, et al.
Choose
Hulusi structure is very special, mainly composed of three parts, both natural gourds, bamboo reeds and brass, so the choice of three main components should be carefully screened. Hulusi exterior styling to fine appearance, and then look at each of the three components.
Gas tank hoist selection: To select a mature gourd, color yellow, thick skin firm; immature gourd is thin, whitish in color, easily damaged.
Bamboo selection is very important because it directly affects the quality of sound. A good quality bamboo should be fine Hulusi first inanimate, relatively speaking, there is a certain weight, too light a is wrong.
Reed choice is particularly important, should be a good or bad reed technical standards, vibration frequency, fatigue resistance, etc. These indicators are not subject to conditions to be verified only by audition feeling vibration and bamboo reed coupling the sound quality to be selected.
The most important thing is to buy Hulusi intonation problems due to temperature changes a great impact on the reed vibration frequency, the smaller the better a good Hulusi contrast, is relatively stable. Identification of pitch, with full press do bass playing contrabass 5 fingering first five (the most unstable high tone) and doing treble 6, two tone audition if there is no problem, and then blowing it scales look at whether each tone Pronunciation clean, no noise (whirring) sound.
Tube attached to the request for: The main criterion is the same pitch with the competent, clean, sound volume is smaller than the head (the volume can not exceed competent, otherwise distracting). If the above conditions can be met, this is a good cucurbit.

Optional maintenance
Silk is a reed instrument, it is not suitable for a long time without a lap to play, such as a few hours without a lap to play might make reed heat is too high, resulting in deformation of the reed tone or treble blowing sand not scale.

We do not agree after playing Hulusi put it back in the box to save it hanging in a relatively well ventilated place, especially in winter, if Hulusi usually placed in a box, then it is easy to hoist the internal mold, some of my friends had called to reflect, hung upside down also had some mildew in cucurbits phenomenon, it is because you have purchased Hulusi manufacturers gourd without special treatment, just did some dry handling, and Hulusi interior paint is too thick, seriously affecting the gourd itself permeability, so we do not agree spray paint is too thick, (although that may have to look good).
Just after a meal can not immediately blow Hulusi, physiological I will not say, be sure to cough over the mouth blown later, in order to avoid dirt into the gourd inside, a long time sooner or later will be stuck tongues, there sand tone or Hulusi unable to make any scale, over time must also make the reed tongue is very thick layer of glue dirt, seriously affecting Hulusi sound quality!
Hulusi sound becomes muffled drum sounds and high or low, but also because spring tongue and dirt too serious tone throughout Hulusi changes have occurred, if the original purchase is normal when the drum sound, quality and reed Yes, it should be is caused by dirt, if drum sounds low high, then the likelihood is a thick layer of reed roots Pakistani dirty things, whereas if the drum sound is low, then it is very likely there is a layer of reed tongue dirt, finished look after also pay attention to the tongue and the reed box spring is face to see whether the box spring tongue and have a place to collide, there would be the sound of metal phase into a wall, of course, be careful when you scrape case is not there :) Hulusi always worst off, if you do not split the case can charge a good tune, and no one to give you guidance, then it is better not to touch the reed open it as a person’s heart , made a little mistake is to life, oh :)
Special material-specific, their best not to others Luanchui Hulusi, (a case of what people have a disease in trouble,) and then one on the instrument itself is also inappropriate, who learned Hulusi To know Hulusi treble light winds, blowing heavy bass but had to some, but most people think that Hulusi flute gas methods and the same, that is, of course, relative to the treble blown heavier and lighter bass blowing , so if you let him blow, then we must be careful. Was likely to put the reed blowing bad, so Hulusi treble pronunciation difficulties, or even disappear.
Maintenance and Repair
When you have a Hulusi, pay attention Hulusi supervisor, deputy tube temperature difference and humidity do not have the ups and downs of the phenomenon, Hulusi supervisor, deputy tube most natural crack caused to these two points, and if Hulusi you are using a socket head, please note that transfer rates in tune socket connection copper to be close at hand adjusted gradually, do not grip the competent head and tail head screw adjustment, this will tighten around the crack then copper black bamboo, many Hulusi supervisor, deputy tube cracks in the sound hole is that it is for this reason! Copper with a long time then there will be a tightening astringent phenomenon, to the dirt and patina copper jacket on the rear wipe lubricant to prevent accelerated wear and copper sleeve excessive force adjusting screw screwed crack Hulusi supervisor, deputy tube , winter after Hulusi will produce water vapor must use homemade cotton brush head Hulusi wipe the water vapor, which will Hulusi upside down from (some Hulusi masters do not think that upside down, here is only my personal opinion) , let it dry naturally after loading package boxes, Hulusi to keep dry! If condensation occurs: mildew, cracking phenomenon, Diaoqi phenomenon, crack phenomenon, and even affect their intonation. Copper sets should be oiled regularly, preferably with dry oil. Hulusi afraid to fall, afraid of the sun, fear of insects, fear of mildew, so to take good care use. Repair Method 1
Throughout the year due to temperature differences and playing the natural effects of Hulusi pitch will have an impact, such as a sound are not allowed, the sound is high, they can sound out of the sound hole, from the top down Use the appropriate material to fill up until the pitch so far. Low tone when locations likewise, from the bottom up using a tool to dig up pitch so far. Higher octave low all the time, will be the competent Cypriot Hulusi advancing toward the direction of blow holes until intonation. All sound high octave higher when the competent Cypriot Hulusi opposite direction to adjust blow hole until intonation. Treble bad blow, you can adjust the sound hole, after, or modify Hulusi competent tail pipe diameter size.
Repair Method 2
1), treble (reed tongue is low) is not pronounced or small volume processing method: first a “full press suction Law” operation, the purpose is to make the reed tongue elevation, one not to repeat, note inspiratory efforts should be appropriate, non-violent suction, or reed will be damaged. If the “full press suction method,” No, they have to remove the head, with a sharp tongue elevation of the spring, the ideal height is restored and no sand treble sound. (Note: Use the “full press inspiratory Law” must withstand the palate with the tongue in order to inhale, to prevent inhalation gourd flesh)
2. ), Audio and Sand (tongues high) approach: first to the “tube sound re-blowing (also known as the full press blowing method)” operation, the purpose is to make the reed tongue reduction, one can not repeat, note blowing aggressive than normal tube tone slightly heavier blow can be, should be appropriate, non-violent blow, or the reed will be damaged. If the “tube sound re-blowing” No, they have to remove the head, with a sharp tongue depress the spring, the ideal height of the sand exclusion and treble sound normal.
3. ), Audio and Sand (Sassafras spring tongue with burrs or edges) approach: the outside with a sharp tongue and scuffing springs inside the frame edge.
4. ), Cracking and degumming treatment: gourd and bamboo parts glued or unglued gourd. Bamboo cracking, if the gap is not, you can direct instillation of 502 glue; if the gap is slightly larger, you can fill in the gaps of a very fine powder particles (eg planing wood ash), and then drops 502 glue; big gap, then stuffed tissue paper that must first skeleton, and then fill in the powder, and then epoxy. 502 glue holding plastic bottles can not be directly manipulated, the best method is to first glue dripping a small amount of plastic cover yard, then carefully with a toothpick dipped in glue bonding. This procedure should be careful too long 502 glue solidified.
Daily Notes
1. Flute must maintain an appropriate level of dryness. Too dry season should be placed in the box, especially not in the ventilation suspension, or bamboo easy to crack; nor too moist, a long time musical instruments will be moldy. Musical instruments after use, it is best to hang, basically dried into the box.
2. Gently, pressing ban ban hit, avoid exposure
3. Someone special
4. Avoid violent blow. Storm suck.

Common illnesses
Wrong one
The collision occurred reeds rustling sound.
Reason: Because bamboo thermal expansion and contraction, so stick on the bamboo reed deformation or loose.
Problems two
Blowing up laborious.
Cause: Reed lift too high or gourd leak it.
Maintenance:
1 reed lift too high, it can be used to blow explosive bass 5 single tonguing once or twice, but do not put the reed blowing too low, if the reed blowing too low, it will not blow out the treble, can hold all the holes are, in turn, to blow Hulusi, raise reed.
2 gourd leak, and on the use of water or 502 adhesive glue them on the line.
Three problems: Tone allowed the
Reason:
1 long stick reed blowing dust;
2 is due to your Hulusi reed is glued together, the main and secondary tubes produced thermal expansion and contraction.
Maintenance:
1 Open Hulusi, with a razor blade to withstand tongues, wipe off the dust on the line.
(2) If it is thermal expansion and contraction, so long as such weather changed Haojiu Hang. Hulusi is detachable, you can try to stress the length of charge, if you are a virtuoso, you can also change according to the pitch at full-or half-hole pitch alignment holes to play.
Practice methods
Hulusi circulating ventilation methods
[8] circulating ventilation is Hulusi playing in a difficult skill. It refers to the player in the course of play, with the nose breathing rapidly, and in the nose and at the same time, the residual gas remaining in the mouth extrusion, in order to achieve the air flow blown player is not interrupted in the suction aim to better express the music content and feelings, to form a unique style and charm. However, the human lung capacity is limited, must be to make the tone ventilation to keep very long; and called and suck and are opposites, not simultaneously, will be cut off sound when inhaling. To solve this problem, we only think of ways from the mouth, which is not yet finished blowing in the atmosphere of the occasion, through the mouth and under the pressure of the palate, the flavor extrusion, meanwhile, nose inhale quickly enough breath, this cycle is repeated, so that continuous music. Its essentials are: ventilation can not be exhausted in the atmosphere at the time, there must be confidence in the premise, otherwise they will feel uncomfortable shortness of breath, inhaling the breath of small and short supply can not meet the needs of normal play. The whole process must not have suffocating feeling, to go with the flow, calm, do not be nervous, that change is necessary and timely to change, in order to inhale the breath of supplying enough playing needs. Began training need not be performed on the Hulusi, but in a small tube inserted into a container filled with water, blowing inside the mouth with a pipe in the mouth while blowing nose breathing, make the container blisters continuous, even in the nose and do not interrupt when bubbling, so that repeated blowing mouth, nose and trained, until you can easily reach the water bubbling when ventilation is continuous, then practice on Hulusi , repeated experience, practice, you can gradually mastered.
Hulusi vibrato practice methods
Hulusi playing vibrato is commonly used techniques, song with vibrato, musical expressiveness richer, especially the climax fast vibrato will make people excited. Vibrato sound can blow out a wavy feeling in the music in a tr identified within the playing vibrato when the vocalist at the top of the finger quickly opened a continuous action by doing so the tone sounds continuously between the top two degrees repeatedly, and finally back to the tone. Exercise should be careful that your fingers do not lift too high, too high lift a finger will affect the speed, playing out of the vibrato is not nice. Trill fingering practice exercises are the most important and long-term practice. Vibrato is good or bad, depends mainly on the fingers of elasticity, flexibility is to make each sound rich vibrato grainy. Training vibrato, the fingers should try to relax, rest your finger on the hole still have to maintain a certain degree of tension to form the necessary fulcrum. Pay attention to strengthening the training of the ring finger with both hands. Tremolo speed according to the feelings of the song and speed may be, in addition to two degrees vibrato, there are three degrees, four degrees, etc. vibrato.