Oiled paper umbrella is one of Chinese traditional arts and crafts, as a paper or cloth umbrella originated in China, such as also spread to AsiaJapan、North Korea、Vietnam、、Thailand, etc, and developed with local characteristics in the oiled paper umbrella.As the mainlandhakkaThe migration toTaiwanSettle down, also makes Chinese oiled paper umbrella root development in Taiwan.Oiled paper umbrella as well as in Yang block rain everyday items, items is also indispensable to marry a marriage customs and etiquette, the traditional Chinese wedding, the bride marriedThe carWhen,matchmakerWill be oiled paper umbrella in red covered the bride to ward off evil spirits.Japan’s traditional wedding, the bride will be red oiled paper umbrella is covered.Ryukyu ancient wedding is also useful to the oiled paper umbrella.The old man likes purple umbrella which is the symbol of longevity to use white umbrella funeral procession.JapanTraditional dance will also with oiled paper umbrella as props,The tea ceremonyShow some to use “umbrella”.
A religious celebration, often see the oiled paper umbrella as shelter also hold on god car, this is take its full meaning, as a day of people covered shelter, flooding the symbol of evil ward off evil spirits.The umbrella is more used in the current dailyThe umbrella, oiled paper umbrella as art and more touristssouvenirSelling.
In 2008, water diversion oiled paper umbrella production process listed in the”State-level non-material cultural heritage list”。 Water diversion oiled paper umbrella factory is China’s only remainingTung oil、lithographicThe traditional craft paper umbrella production enterprise,Water diversion oiled paper umbrellaTraditional production techniques by experts as “living fossil” of the Chinese folk umbrella, oiled paper umbrella industry at present, the only “national levelIntangible cultural heritage”. In 2009, the sixth generation successor water diversion oiled paper umbrellaNever put off till tomorrow what you can fuBy the ministry of culture listed in the national levelIntangible cultural heritageProject representative inheritance, To become China’s only representative from oiled paper umbrella by hand.
Chinese name Oiled paper umbrella
symbol Covering, shelter and drive the evil to ward off evil spirits
The class type Traditional arts and crafts
Land area China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand
The origin of
Oiled paper umbrellaThe Chinese nation traditional daily umbrella, use more than 1000 years history.To hand cut bamboo do the umbrella stand to natural waterproof coatingTung oilthelintThe paper umbrella.Oiled paper umbrella is one of the world’s earliest umbrella, pure handmade, materials of all natural, is the crystallization of ancient Chinese wisdom.
Traditional umbrella word is composed of five character “people”
Frequently usednylonSteel umbrella is a 19 th-century British people according to the principle of China’s opening and closing oiled paper umbrella, use of modern materials, industrial production improvement, while convenient, price cheap, but there is no life of industrial products, traditional oiled paper umbrella the sort of elegant tiancheng beauty, nylon steel umbrella is forever.
Hakka dialect, the “paper” and “the son” homophonic, so the hakka women’s marriage, the woman usually two paper umbrella as dowry, including the meaning of “early birth”;”Umbrella” traditional Chinese “umbrella” word, there are five people in the word is a symbol of fertility and umbrella surface forming a circle after open, to bless the couple happy happy life a complete meaning.Man 16 bar mitzvah, parents will be given a oiled paper umbrella, hope to support the portal.
Taoism ceremony, often see the oiled paper umbrella as shelter also hold on god car, because the oiled paper umbrella have hasten lucky avoids the effect of particle.
Umbrella has a long history in China, the earliest umbrella byrubanSister invention.
In the spring and autumn dynasty, ancient Chinese famous master carpenters ruban often in fieldwork, if encounter rain, often get wet.Ruban sister want to do something to block rain, she chopped bamboo strips, casts on the thin skins, look like a “pavilion”, collapsed like a stick,
In the 1870 s, British photographers in the suburbs of Beijing
Open such as cover.This is the first umbrella.The eastern han dynastyCAI lunAfter the invention of paper, appeared on the umbrella paper brush tung oil used for waterproof oiled paper umbrella, literati, will also be a sense on the surface of the umbrella before oil painting, with his feelings.Song said the green oiled paper umbrella.Later generations have improved, there isPaper umbrellaOil, umbrella, locates type umbrella, finally formed today’s public goods, use has more than 1000 years.
Oiled paper umbrella in Tang Chaochuan to Japan, Korea, Japan early will oiled paper umbrella is called “tang umbrella”.Oiled paper umbrella spread to other parts of Asia such as Vietnam, Thailand,LaosAnd other places, and combined with the local culture, have their own style and name.The Ming dynasty”Characterized by open content”Said: “in every country oil paste umbrella and fan, with a small cover paper.”, shen kuaThe MengXi in writing”Also mentioned: “with new oil red umbrella, Japan and China.”In some literary works such as”The white snake”Wait to also can see the oiled paper umbrella.Oiled paper umbrella as well as in Yang block rain everyday items, also is a indispensable items, marry marriage customs and etiquette of traditional Chinese wedding, the bride married under the car, the chaperon will use red shading your bride oiled paper umbrella to ward off evil spirits.
The production process
The making process of the traditional oiled paper umbrella is cumbersome, all rely on done by hand.Folk have a saying: seventy-two and a half, piling is corrupt.Broadly speaking, is divided into the following steps:
# 1. Bamboo: bamboo
2. Do the skeleton: cut from her, and make the necessary technology such as water, solar drying processing, then drilling, spelling, threading, tandem umbrella umbrella head made skeleton.
3. The umbrella: stick good paper cutting on the skeleton, trimming, finalize the design, exposure
4. Draw flower: the umbrella surface is painted on, dry
5. Oil: the last on the umbrella face brush tung oil, after being completely dry can be used
Inheriting good oiled paper umbrella workshop within China, such asC han on oiled paper umbrella、If water hall oiled paper umbrellaEtc., are still in the traditional wine making oiled paper umbrella, 86 procedure manual operation completely, from cutting bamboo to scale design is all manual, don’t use the machine.Material also stick to the traditional, in order to maintain its ancient tiancheng lasting appeal, not to make it into industrialization.Such as the umbrella, must from the mountains to cut down wood.Production tool also has a long history and strict quality control, “four ditch” flat no joint, “opposite” not dew mouth, “guy” and “shim” dew “pig nose”, painted the tung oil evenly.Umbrella surface rendering is very exquisite, done by a professional painter, mainly based on traditional Chinese painting.Also have all kinds of civil subjects, suit different happy occasions, such as wedding hire oiled paper umbrella.
Oiled paper umbrella because of its long history, classical and nostalgic, connotation is rich, meaning auspicious, deeply love all kinds of people, the oiled paper umbrella Chinese culture mainly displays in:
On behalf of many children, much happiness
Oiled paper with “the son” sound;Umbrella stand for “people” glyph (consists of dozens of people word shape);Umbrella word
Oiled paper umbrella is a classic symbol of love
Traditional is “umbrella”, from the perspective of the traditional Chinese characters are the following four character “people”, since ancient times for meaningFive sub-ka。
Moral hugely increased
Umbrella for bamboo, bamboo at peace, moral hugely increased.
Happy, unity, peace
Moral umbrella for round, happy happy, unity, peace.
On behalf of conjugal love in one hundred
Since ancient times under the oiled paper umbrella deduce how many classic love: “the white snake,” her husband with her in the west lake broken bridge in umbrella for media, with wind and rain, umbrella, bears historic colors anecdotes,dai《The rain lane”, depicts the “ancient town + + oiled paper umbrella rain lane + beauty” the scene of a beautiful romantic romantic classical oiled paper umbrella has been a symbol of love.
To eliminate the evil to ward off bad luck, and good luck
In Chinese folk legend tung oil can eliminate evil,To ward off bad luckAnd spirits, tung oiled paper umbrella is put in the home, can, of course, the good luck.
Noble and elegant
Oiled paper umbrella itself culture connotation is rich, deep cultural atmosphere.Use the oiled paper umbrella decoration, in the light, classic and romantic and elegant.Hanfu + oiled paper umbrella, but also Chinese classical elegant symbol of beauty.
Worship ancestor spirit first
In many places, useful oiled paper umbrella sacrifice custom of ancestral spirit first.Custom comes from the ancient Chinese emperor huang gai umbrella, said supremacy.With sacrifice to ancestors oiled paper umbrella or dead, according to its status in hell is prominent, not suffering, but reincarnation as soon as possible.
Classic c han month red oiled paper umbrella
I wish to jinbang title
In ancient China, there is a custom, is to take exams in Beijing or a few, except the books back baggage, will get a red oiled paper umbrella, umbrella “baggage”, also known as “umbrella” blessing, wish the journey safe and examination.A lot of places, family, parents, students to buy a pair of oiled paper umbrella, wish the university entrance exam success.
Red oiled paper umbrella with celebrations, many parts of the country, I hold a birthday party, get married, have children, housewarming, promotion, etc. The practice of giving red oiled paper umbrella remains.
A lot of people at the mention of oiled paper umbrella, it will be called suzhou and hangzhou, there should be oiled paper umbrella like suzhou and hangzhou.This is a one-sided understanding, in fact, oiled paper umbrella is widely used for great river north and south of traditional daily rain gear, is a traditional and general manufacturing.Former oil umbrella factory, like the tailor shop, blacksmith, blossom everywhere, commonplace.Just from five, since the 60 s of the last century, under the impact of modern technology, mechanization of production of metal skeleton cloth umbrella replaced the traditional hand-made oiled paper umbrella.Traditional craft oiled paper umbrella, craft exquisite, multifarious, young people don’t want to working, oiled paper umbrella was all the rage, to the edge disappeared.Previously, all umbrella factory (umbrella shop, workshop) left.
China is now only jingxian county in anhui, wuyuan road, sichuan luzhou, hangzhou, zhejiang, hunan, and the Taiwan meinung.Has been included in the “intangible” protection of luzhou paper umbrella, hangzhou and wuyuan road paper umbrella umbrella.Luzhou paper umbrella, hangzhou silk umbrella to declare early, be included in the national “intangible”.Then declare a paper umbrella, is the “intangible” at the provincial level, and then in the declaration at the national level.Theory of scale, technology, wuyuan is a paper umbrella.A paper umbrella originated in salty chun road five years (AD 1269), kangxi JiaQu years (1694) the history, on the international products exposition gold medal in 1936, to resume production after production increased year by year, annual sales of more than 30 ten thousand to 2014.In fact many rumors in a network of oiled paper umbrella is wuyuan, sichuan luzhou production and processing of a road, only the agent.
C on han
C han on oiled paper umbrella in the adornment of the line
An imperial city of Beijing in one thousand, since ancient times there is no lack of well-made oiled paper umbrella, but inheriting and has few survived.
C han on oiled paper umbrellaProfessional production of traditional oiled paper umbrella.Oiled paper umbrella umbrella factory is located in the picturesque jiangnan.Beijing chaoyang district DongBa east kiln art district have the umbrella John flower production workshop.Oiled paper umbrella has become a national intangible cultural heritage, to make a few artists have oiled paper umbrella, c han on oiled paper umbrella factory assembled technology exquisite production of oiled paper umbrella folk artists, all of them are oiled paper umbrella production of the family.
C on oiled paper umbrella inheriting traditional han oiled paper umbrella production process, pure manual craft, the umbrella for the traditional cotton paper, umbrella for LanZhu, brush natural tung oil, umbrella and umbrella handle retain the original color material, with the lasting appeal of of primitive simplicity.C han month also constantly innovate, research and development, in umbrella, threading, John flowers on the key technology such as innovation, oiled paper umbrella patterns in addition to the traditional Chinese painting subjects, such as birds and flowers, figures,landscape, stone rubbings etc, also opens upfacebook, hand-painted porcelain series of new subjects, in addition, there are tailored according to customer’s requirements.
C han on oiled paper umbrella umbrella surface (9 a)
C han on oiled paper umbrella is one thousand years of wine making tradition.Process is complex, a longer period.The oiled paper umbrella, from bamboo, bamboo (optional) to soak bamboo (water), steamed bamboo (water), bamboo, dig bamboo, bamboo carving, drilling, spelling, wear line, series, umbrella (the paper stick on the skeleton good cutting, trimming, finalize the design), insolate, John flower (the umbrella surface is painted on, dry), oil umbrella (cooked tung oil) on the umbrella face brush, sun umbrella, after eighty process, 15 days or so to complete production cycle.Therefore, a c han on oiled paper umbrella assembled a variety of unique features:
(1) for the one thousand transfer of wine production, with high collection and inheritance.
(2) the umbrella is a professional painter hand-painted, oiled paper umbrella has appreciation potential.
(3) unique design of blue and white porcelain in baotou, classical Chinese specialty, add a grace to c han on oiled paper umbrella.
C han on oiled paper umbrella umbrella surface pattern (12)
(4) the oiled paper umbrella each materials are carefully selected, elegant, strong, durable, strong resistance to the wind rain, can be repeatedly open and close more than 3000 times.
An oiled paper umbrella set some arts and crafts, is in danger of extinction of painting and calligraphy letters and rich Chinese culture elements and elegant modelling, of primitive simplicity is nostalgia, delicate and beautiful, is an elegant piece of art.C han on oiled paper umbrella, sorption is a kind of yearning, a hanging on the wall or hanging on the roof can rise the good adornment result, let whole space is full of artistic feeling, elegant style.When you have a c han on oiled paper umbrella, you can use her rain for you, let you in the wind and rain is still elegant, temperament is fallen;You can also at the time of the leisure, as a photographic prop, add some nostalgic complex.And you can also
C han on oiled paper umbrella
A, send relatives:, wind and rain.
B, too: a oiled paper umbrella is past lives to be together this life fate, is a constant promise, together through the ups and downs.
C, send friends, comrades, classmates: when you need to give you warm help.
D, send colleagues: thank you for your support always.
E, send leadership: thank you for your cultivation, willing to help you all the way in to.
F, teacher: thank you for your teachings, selfless in busy to take good care of yourself, students in the heart is full of care and gratitude.
Luzhou system umbrella industry originated in the late Ming dynasty, its history and luzhou laojiao (a kind of daqu liquor).
The lithographic umbrella surface
The 50 s of the last century, is the “golden age” of luzhou oiled paper umbrella.40 s and 50 s, the beads street near the luzhou residents wharf is “the oiled paper umbrella street”.Luzhou jisheng, there are more than 100 oiled paper umbrella factory, workers, tens of thousands of people, mainly in the now jiangyang kai, taian, shawan, an annual output of 20 million the “umbrella”.
Until the 1970 s, practical and convenient steel gradually replaced the oiled paper umbrella, umbrella of luzhou oiled paper umbrella production started a career change.In the 90 s, few people engaged in the oiled paper umbrella production already.
Umbrella in popular, the waning of luzhou oiled paper umbrella oiled paper umbrella process heavy and complicated, the production cost is high, less profit, and it is difficult to attract young people into the line, only more than 30 old local artisans in 2004 to continue the process, when many people worried that luzhou oiled paper umbrella will be lost.In October 2005, the Shanghai guinness world luzhou oiled paper umbrella again send invitations to jiangyang district government, the local oiled paper umbrella industry began to recover.
After the recovery of oiled paper umbrella industry in yunnan, guizhou and luzhou gulin county, xuyong and other ethnic minority region, as a sacrifice, congratulations, etiquette gift items.Soon and exported to Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Hong Kong, Macao and other regions.
Luzhou oiled paper umbrella production history of more than 400 years, luzhou oiled paper umbrella craft in 2008 was named “national non-material cultural heritage”, by experts as “living fossil” of the Chinese folk umbrella, CCTV has special interview reports.
If a noble and elegant water hall hand-painted oiled paper umbrella
Luzhou oiled paper umbrella has the following characteristics: first, has a long history, is the characteristics of Chinese folk arts and crafts, antique crafts;Second, luzhou oiled paper umbrella to keep its basic made hundreds of years of traditional handicraft production way, claims to be “living fossil” of Chinese umbrella process
Luzhou oiled paper umbrella part umbrella sample (four)
The inheritance of, have certain;Three special, luzhou oiled paper umbrella production technology, production of oiled paper umbrella with rain gear is true, the beautiful with practical function together.Four, durable, fine craftsmanship, variety, designs beautiful, represented by classical oiled paper umbrella of a group of emerging oiled paper umbrella enterprise combing traditional culture and fashion culture, promote the development of luzhou oiled paper umbrella.
Now luzhou local still to traditional wine making oiled paper umbrella, more than 70 procedure manual operation completely, in recent years, luzhou oiled paper umbrella processing enterprises, local workshop or individual more and more, process also found some innovations, many manufacturers have adopted computer color printing umbrella surface, luzhou is becoming important to the local tourism industry.Water diversion oiled paper umbrella factory is China’s only remaining keep tung oil, lithographic traditional craft paper umbrella production enterprises, the oiled paper umbrella traditional production techniques by experts as “living fossil” of the Chinese folk umbrella, oiled paper umbrella industry at present, the only “state-level non-material cultural heritage”, water diversion oiled paper umbrella has seven times on CCTV channel, to participate in international, national performance more than twenty times.Wear the most distinctive with umbrella, with colored silk threads, crossing the two thousand needles, bamboo dance switch, a double bar, is the umbrella of the talents. Oiled paper umbrella “water” in 2013National geographic marksProduct protection. Never put off till tomorrow what you can fuBecome the Chinese state-level non-material cultural heritage oiled paper umbrella making skill only legal tradition.
Production material and process
Now still in the traditional local wine making oiled paper umbrella,
Oiled paper umbrella production all rely on done by hand
More than 70 procedure manual operation completely, from cutting bamboo to depict design is all manual, don’t use the machine.Material also traditions, such as umbrella, must from the mountains to cut down wood.Production tool also has a long history, such as lithographic ink has 450 years of history.Design also is very exquisite, suit different happy occasions.Marriage to hire oiled paper umbrella, pattern is “in extremely good fortune”, “the gigolo knit”, “goddess marriage”, etc.;Is a happy child, new dragon “two rob treasure”, “lotus lantern” and “magpie make mei”, “flower fairy scattering”, etc.;Birthday gift is “birds pay homage to the king” and “not pines”, “sea”, “the pengzu old fairy”, etc.
If Beijing water hall
Originated in Beijing, surviving so farIf water hall oiled paper umbrellaFang has 100 years history,
If the water physical atlas hall oiled paper umbrella parts (20)
Since the qing dynasty, namely enjoys high reputation in the great river north and south.Compared with the ordinary people commonly use oil umbrella, if water hall umbrella process more cumbersome exquisite, using perennial purple umbrella and umbrella rodPhyllostachys aureaManual cutting system and increase the strength of smoke treatment umbrella surface with excellent toughness cover paper, manual besmear repeatedly persimmon oil and after paintingTung oil, to make it waterproof, strong and durable.
The third year of reign of qing emperor guangxu (1886),
If water hall classical double loop oiled paper umbrella
High CongXi (shanxipingyao) at the top of the capital bead open hall oiled paper umbrella if water lane, the store hired man more than 20 people, the south and north painter more than 10 people, excellent workmanship, painters, especially in the handTraditional Chinese realistic paintingSpread the peony oiled paper umbrella and northern song dynasty landscape theme oiled paper umbrella is most outstanding.At that time made the national capital, dignitaries, aristocratic women’s snapping up around that means to exchange notes and become popular.
Since the sixties and seventies of the last century, under the impact of the modern industrial civilization, and the limit of the tedious manual craft, a large number of oiled paper umbrella production enterprises have faded from the daily rain gear in the market, but the oiled paper umbrella elegant tiancheng beauty is nylon steel umbrella can never match.If water hall also into export processing enterprises, to Taiwan, Japan, southeast AsiaOEMThe traditional manual production oiled paper umbrella.
In 2008,The Beijing Olympic GamesAhead of the government’s excavation and support, if the oiled paper umbrella old expand the scale of production, such as water hall system umbrella craft heritage in one hundred, the traditional process, the manual process that a total of more than seventy.The umbrella stick with hand-painted process, in addition to the traditional painting flowers and birds, figures and landscape material, industry innovation, has developed a long handle wrinkling cloud tang dynasty and ancient paper-making inlaid natural leaf oiled paper umbrella, umbrella for Olympic news center decor and gifts, is well received by the market.
If water hall oiled paper umbrella in jiangxi, in Beijing’s daxing district panggezhuang town has production and painting center, product exhibition center in downtown Beijing and sales store, products also sells to Japan, southeast Asia, Europe and the United States and other places.
History and evolution of
Zhejiang yuhang paper umbrella production at least more than 230 years history,
Zhejiang yuhang oiled paper umbrella
Qing qianlong 34 years (1769), Dong Wenyuan nine rooms open umbrella shop.Yuhang oiled paper umbrella umbrella, umbrella of civilization, and many other varieties, there are due to the excellent technology, selected materials, make the umbrella long durability, crack and also won’t fall apart and wear, very popular.Once upon a time a lot of tourists way yuhang will knock to buy an umbrella in the middle of the night, relatives and friends as a gift to his hometown.
In 1951, zhejiang yuhang paper umbrella for cooperatives pilot handicraft industry choice, forming a “umbrella production cooperation group”, and at the end of 1952, set up “umbrella manufacturing cooperatives”, become the province’s first handicraft production cooperatives, widely reported by domestic media.As the market of steel skeleton on weather and umbrella, this paper umbrella to be being washed out gradually, yuhang oiled paper umbrella skill also endangered.
Until December 5, 2006, yuhang district party committee, deputy secretary of the generation of warden Jiang Jun bottle in kiln pond residency household will port village, umbrella Lao shifu Liu Youquan told Jiang Jun want to restore yuhang paper umbrella, for local villagers to develop local tourism commodity get rich, to cater to the trend of the rural tourism.Liu Youquan began to be eliminated in oiled paper umbrella is seized with the idea of the traditional process along, soon found a manufacturer of bamboo umbrella stand in fuyang, with hundreds of yuan to buy back 100 bamboo umbrella stand.But he did not grasp processing craft, can only keep the umbrella skeleton, custody for more than thirty years.The urban and rural areas “on December 7th the front-page headline of” finding system umbrella master “yuhang paper umbrella” recovery “and cause concern about the locals.Four return to December 19, room jinquan, Chen Yuexiang, li-hua shen, Sun Shuigen in kiln town pond port village together, discuss recovery yuhang paper umbrella.In January 2007 with dexterous hand, successful recovery production of oiled paper umbrella.They are bottles of kiln pond port village teaching skill, drive the mountain a large bamboo farmers to get rich.Yuhang districtWen Guangxin bureauThe paper umbrella as a key protection folk craftsmanship, should also include yuhang oiled paper umbrella in zhejiang, zhejiang province non-material cultural heritage list.In June the same year, yuhang paper umbrella in hangzhou city, the first in the protection of non-material cultural heritage exhibition on display.
Production material and process
System umbrella by hand skills requirement is high, the system umbrella to experience in their own skills to complete, skill in mentoring, by precept and personal understanding between teacher and pupil, long-term practice to master, apprentice will only be justified for three years.The tools used by the blacksmith forges specially, umbrella with makings is very exquisite, above good peach blossom paper for the umbrella, soaked in persimmon paint, a piece of a paste on the umbrella.Persimmon persimmon green paint is in the oil, the oil persimmon dao paste to extract the persimmon juice, both viscosity and won’t stick my peach blossom paper.With bamboo, wooden umbrella and umbrella handle, good with hair line, umbrella batter on the draw after the good design, coated with tung oil, then lift them indoors, at least after more than 70 procedures, including sawing bamboo, scraping the green, flat head, chop bone, saw groove, knees, rows umbrella, umbrella, paste, umbrella handles, etc.
Oiled paper umbrella industry has more than one hundred years history of changsha, hunan, changsha has become of the umbrella shop is the earliest pottery hengtai paper umbrella shop, by TaoJiQiao founded the reign of xianfeng, qing dynasty, after a few years in the near another group TaoHengMao paper umbrella shop.”TaoHengMao umbrella” fine workmanship, keep ancestral process, the choice materials.In the winter the old bamboo tube, fine cloud cover paper production, knot boundary with soil from spinning yarn.And fine strict operation, with silk cotton top cover, the bone with her hair knot rope wear, use the yarn rope clip hair, umbrella with coarse yarn, umbrella are concentrated to the dog days after embryo made with raw tung oil oil three times in a row, good quality, to win credibility.
In 1900, Liang Jingting in changsha city north main street Liang Hongmao umbrella shop who hangs out his shingle after Kant leung open umbrella, old production MingYou, black oiled paper umbrella and special duck shed with a big umbrella, produce the paper umbrella fine workmanship, durable, get “xiangtan clogs, jing Hong Kong oil umbrella” of reputation.Founded in 1921, the feed pan qing brothers feifei paper umbrella, umbrella factory, in addition to traditional painting flowers, and spraying, printing, decals, design also is varied, are exported to Hong Kong, Macao and southeast Asia, and in 1929, the domestic exhibition was awarded a prize of master.Local production of the highest annual output of nearly thirty thousand oiled paper umbrella, until February 1975, jing Hong Kong umbrella club has been revoked, jing Hong Kong oiled paper umbrella production, changsha in other parts of the paper umbrella industry also declined.
Changsha paper umbrella raw material for the cover paper, nanzhu, cotton yarn, rope, tung oil, persimmon, pigment, water ox horn, and wood.
Hankou of hubei province
Hankou of hubei province Sue hengtai umbrella shop produce of oiled paper umbrella has hundred years of history.In 1864, from hunan, sown by the accumulated 30 string string (1 1000), start trying to investment system umbrella at home, he learned to build umbrella craft improvement, finished product often is always in short supply.In soonfinancingGuandi temple chief bucket lane that Sue hengtai umbrella opened store, employees 12 people, took an apprentice 3, a month can sell 500 to 500, and led to the local market umbrella.In the fire lane road sages opened workshops, mode of production by one division of production the umbrella into groups of five, manufacturing umbrella.Stagnation nine years, Sue hengtai pin umbrella 700 month, year profit nearly 200 series.
Sue hengtai neededmaterials excellent umbrella, umbrella with hunan chaling bamboo umbrella handle with hunan yiyang timber, tung oil in changde, cover paper with shaanxi Yun cover paper, persimmon oil in luotian county of hubei province, available on 8 to 12 years.Is very popular with the locals, jianghan plain was once popular in marriage to buy red and blue Sue hengtai umbrella each one, male and female are red, a blue, in allusion to “guys and dolls, marriage”.Until 1970, Sue hengtai oiled paper umbrella production, the folk craft also locally extinct.
Jiang Xijia road
A road is jiangxi wuyuan is a natural villages.From being up to huizhou, issued rao states from main thoroughfares
Draw an umbrella to spend
And therefore a way, commonly known as a road.A traditional system umbrella has a long history, according to legend, ChengChun five years (AD 1269) moved song dynasty prime minister ma luan (a road zhang son-in-law) escape in a way, from the city with a handful of oiled paper umbrella.Since then, a passer-by and continuous improvement process, from generation to generation system umbrella.Folk, “Long Cheng” paper umbrella fang Zhang Longcheng most famous, bamboo umbrella keys used his invention.
A paper umbrella, to make smart, with exquisite workmanship, unique style.Myth: kangxi years, wuyuan (belongs) in anhui emblem play.Once, when emperor kangxi traveling incognito jiangnan, with open-air stage theatre, unfortunately it was raining, the front someone umbrellas blocking the back of the line of sight, impetuous urchin with stone struck.Stone is hit the umbrella, rebound, broke the next to an umbrella.Emperor kangxi feel strange, immediately call people ask for it.Results: the intact is made in a way, and been broken that produced it.So a communal sings: “jingdezhen porcelain, umbrella, a road in hangzhou silk don’t pick.”The visible when the house.Also with the anhui merchants footprints around the Yangtze river basin, the best-selling, screen.In the early kangxi JiaQu years (in 1694) has been listed in the “wuyuan county annals” goods belong to the article “.32 years of the republic of China (1943), a covers a total of 36 home, road street system umbrella workshop production umbrella 252000, including more than 176000 export.Displayed on the international products expo in 1936 and won gold prize, in 1936, guangdong XiangEGan four provincial specialty
Exhibition, in 1943 in jiangxi province a&m products exhibition, deeply domestic and foreign customers welcome.
Oiled paper umbrella, a road material is pure, selection of fine wood, high quality silk, silk, leather paper persimmon oil, tung oil, etc.;Main processes: select material – sawing bamboo – plane green – article split – cut bone – saw groove – drill hole saws gourds (axis) umbrella – series hoist (combination) – cooking – sun – with the handle – key installed – round umbrella – framed umbrella – paste umbrella edge – painting – winding (plastic) – wear act the role of the line – tung oil on – set – top.Rain umbrella surface painting and calligraphy TiKuan, beautiful and easy, shine, is the home articles of the durable, also is to have appreciation value of arts and crafts.
In 1990, the national advanced township – in a way township, “work for”, to restore the traditional system umbrella a road.In October 1999, registered as wuyuan county road craft umbrella co., LTD.Traditional system umbrella, the outstanding folk craftsmanship.
Oiled paper umbrella is an indispensable daily necessities in ancient China
Master in brush tung oil (brush tung oil is very exquisite process)
.Due to the geographical system umbrella has many areas in China, the ancient huizhou (now jiangxi wuyuan), suzhou and hangzhou, sichuan luzhou, etc.The respective sui generis.
Bamboo AnTang oiled paper umbrella Hu Songgui, founder of the old man is today the jiangxi wuyuan, youth started learning system umbrella process, drain has been gloriously enrolled system umbrella the essence of the process.By chance to reach hangzhou silk umbrella craft, inspired by its, will has been gloriously enrolled oiled paper umbrella is practical, and beautiful hangzhou silk umbrella with ornamental value.Oiled paper umbrella form the specific characteristics of suzhou and hangzhou.
Bamboo AnTang oiled paper umbrella workshop of people insist on traditional craft production traditional ancient umbrella.Select fine bamboo, silk, leather paper, tung oil, the traditional processes: select material – sawing bamboo – plane green – article split – cut bone – saw groove – – saws gourds – drilling string gourd – cooking – sun – with the handle – key installed – round umbrella – framed umbrella – paste umbrella edge – painting – winding – wear act the role ofing line – tung oil on – the – knot top (more than fine process trival, eighty).
Bamboo AnTang adheres to the umbrella for this, in modern technology, traditional craft and manufacturing technology, the combination of Chinese traditional culture on cultural technology combined with modern fashion, the individuality product artistic quality, manufacturability, ornamental, the collection of combined with practicality.Efforts to do a good job in the inheritance of Chinese ancient umbrella and disseminator, will carry forward Chinese ancient umbrella culture.
Oiled paper umbrella is one of the “fuzhou sambo” (the other two is bodiless lacquer and horn comb), the former fujian provincein life has an important position, a local slang is called “baggage” umbrella, mean go out people have umbrella in with baggage.Fuzhou oiled paper umbrella can be traced back to the five dynasties and ten states period, the king whose know his army south fujian set up fujian kingdom, from the central plains and the area had brought the umbrella technique to fuzhou.Qing dynasty entered the boom, the umbrella shop in the city during the late qing and early republic of most of more than 300, boycott Japanese goods movement after the xinhai revolution, the traditional fuzhou fuzhou citizens oiled paper umbrella is called “the umbrella”, vigorously promotes the use.
Fuzhou region near the oiled paper umbrella materials shall be selected or local produce of high quality material, the umbrella will use industrial more than five years, strong elasticity, toughness big castle peak old bamboo, an umbrella must be finished by eighty-three procedure is.Kiosks in the street in Yang Chang Li umbrella shop in the most famous, there are “material, the greasy, painted flowers,” the characteristics of bamboo, bamboo must be used as castle peak old paper umbrella surface must be special cotton paper in fujian province.The world expo held in panama in 1915, the judges detection Yang Chang Li produce of “double happiness” paper umbrella, found that it can withstand repeated 1170 times accept can’t afford to support, continuous line, don’t split groove, the 5 to 20 minutes against the wind to blow the umbrella handle don’t fold, umbrella in good condition, for a long time to soak in the boiling water, not to take off the bone, paper is not bad, and won first prize.Progress expo in one hundred in Chicago in 1933 also won prizes.After the founding of the People’s Republic of China and has won many fuzhou city people’s committee awarded the famous brand product.
Of fuzhou system umbrella points with traditional craft umbrella, umbrella, umbrella, umbrella handles, painted flowers, such as five books, art, although the mainstream of which “umbrella”, but only to complete the “umbrella” germ, “oil”, “assembly”, such as process, must be somewhere else to buy umbrella, umbrella, umbrella handle the first class.Umbrella is for the best “after the state to help”, “after the state to help” in the 1950 s was made open green umbrella like a hemp bamboo tube section, invisible cracks, water does not leak.System “handle” is one of the most famous king pavilion in accordance with the dog in the house.Umbrella painter with Cheng Gubao, yong-qin Lin, the most famous Liu Mengqiu, Cheng Gubao delicate calligraphy and painting, yong-qin Lin good at painting of flowers and birds, characters, Liu Mengqiu of “foreign landscape” is very famous also.
The great leap forward, local each umbrella factory into “fuzhou umbrella factory,” soon because of wenzhou imitation silk umbrella competition, the factory will send yong-qin Lin to wenzhou, reformed the fuzhou oiled paper umbrella, and in the local and southeast Asia.After the cultural revolution because cotton umbrella pop, fuzhou oiled paper umbrella is from the real products to handicraft development.In 1985, the factory production of oiled paper umbrella exported to Japan, Europe and southeast Asia, after three years out of Europe and southeast Asia market.And put the paper umbrella raw material and process improvement, every 72 umbrella, umbrella have up big, small together, looks like a snake, so the name “umbrella”.
In the 1990 s, the communist party leadership love Lin branch fuzhou to Seattle to attend the world flower umbrella art festival, and show a big red umbrella, down the house.Umbrella factory collapsed in 1997, fuzhou fuzhou paper umbrella industry and therefore decline, now only fuzhou Simon’s a workshop to produce paper umbrella, export to Japan.Though some made umbrella craftsman has been transferred to civilian work, still hope to be able to revive system umbrella industry, hope the local government support.
Fujian in the mouth
Fujian nanping YangKou Town oiled paper umbrella, fujian is one of the “three” brand paper umbrellas (the other two in shuikou, fujian and lightening), to start at the beginning of the 20th century, the annual output of more than fifty thousand.Jiangxi southern girl married once proud of have this with marry, in the 1970 s, traditional oiled paper umbrella is gradually replaced by the new cotton umbrella and folding umbrella, by local production practical give priority to the umbrella to the production of small and exquisite, light and beautiful floret umbrella.The umbrella by hand draw all sorts of design, for arts and crafts in fujian hundred flowers awards in the 1980 s.Current export to southeast Asia, Europe and the United States and other places.
Yunnan province xingyang
Tengchong in yunnan province xingyang village system umbrella industry has more than two hundred years history, inheriting the nine generations, also known as “paper son”.City county government was in Banks when touts zheng to male while wandering, Ms. Zhou met west street last name two understand to do master paper umbrella, craft with them and back to hometown, handed down from generation to generation in the past the local production of oiled paper umbrella to supply the entire market in western yunnan.Many hakka people inhabit, local favorite oiled paper umbrella, village head Zheng Chuanguo refers to the village of villagers will have 80% in the past paper umbrella and other products, and is a strand.Now only four families in the village are still making oiled paper umbrella, do people, a total of five people, three of them is over.Now takes a Zheng Guchao craft is best, dainty materials, coating the natural tung oil and persimmon water should be in accordance with the ancient allocate, finished strong and beautiful, can only do one day 9, he made the oiled paper umbrella has won third prize yunnan folk arts.Otherwise Zheng Ying floor do big paper umbrella, because the past businesses like place enlarging paper umbrella in front of the store, can block the rain awning, investment guide, so there is “according to the umbrella shop,” said.They are only in the in the system umbrella.
It made of color paper umbrella fine workmanship, beautiful bright colors, style, good quality, once sell like hot cakes, baoshan, Dali, kunming and other places.From 1950 to 1951, from 57, an annual output of 40000 put the umbrella.60, 1952 households, 90 people, the annual output up to 1952, including big umbrella (10%), 1953, go the way of state-run trade, cooperation, processing, improve the quality of the specification, contour by four to six, the profit about RMB 13000 (including tax).62, 1954, 92 people, a lot of our products are exported to ethnic minority areas, and sold in baoshan, county, and exports to myanmar.From 1958 to 1960, the state of three small umbrella factory production of the paper.After 1965 because cotton umbrella and nylon umbrella replaced oiled paper umbrella as daily necessities, small oil umbrella production, only a small number of large oiled paper umbrella to sell to a roadside stall use.Local paper umbrella industry attention again and again floret umbrella production, as arts and crafts, but not production.On May 21, 2006, zhou, director of the tengchong article production do special people visit to the local paper umbrella production base, seek paper umbrella industrialization development path.The local system umbrella primarily to inheritance folk craft.
Paper umbrella to Muscovite, mica muscovitum, ancient and produce of the bamboo and the local timber for umbrella, umbrella, umbrella surface structure that is bought by world head cover paper blindfolded, coated with 2 oil or tung oil, known as the “green”, the process including cutting umbrella, winding, pasting, persimmon water, umbrella, sun umbrella, painting, umbrella handles, studs of tung oil, rags, around the handle, inside, etc., the average production takes about half a day to an umbrella.
Sanhe ancient town
Sanhe ancient townOiled paper umbrella has 400 years of production history, sanhe town oiled paper umbrella production process in wuhu in 2009 on “the 8th China international tourism commodities fair” won the gold medal to design and manufacture.
Sanhe town umbrella face a variety of design and color, dyeing alone has more than 20 kinds, some blushing like morning glory, some blue and clear, some green, such as water;Or monochrome, or tinted, colorful.In the surface of the beautiful umbrella, and through the brush, spray, painting a variety of craft, depicting ancient landscapes, flowers, landscape pattern, complemented the sanhe town oiled paper umbrella, more show the beauty is generous.
Umbrella surface using sanhe town scenery, so named sanhe town umbrella.Sanhe town oiled paper umbrella with dyeing and printing, stickers, hand-painted, printing and other methods, with the ancient eight sights, small bridge, flowing water, somebody else, has been gloriously enrolled courtyard, flowers, landscape, and traditional Chinese, there are blue, dark green, bright red, bordeaux, peace over 20 varieties, such as pink, orange is beautiful, the characteristics of the material, exquisite, elegant design.
The main purpose
As the rain gear
As a durable Chinese traditional rain gear, oiled paper umbrella use has more than 1000 years history in our country.
Oiled paper umbrella
Actually, oiled paper umbrella is a very good umbrella, compared with nylon steel umbrella (umbrella), oiled paper umbrella is more durable, more wind.Just in store there is need to pay attention to, such as don’t take it too dry place.In addition, in the northern dry areas, oiled paper umbrella is not suitable for long-term exposure.
Oiled paper umbrella elegant tiancheng beauty, nylon steel umbrella is the industrial products can never match.
Hakka marriage dowry
Festive red c han month oiled paper umbrella
When old hakka custom wedding including money and dowry, the oiled paper umbrella is also indispensable item him a dowry.”Paper” and “son” homophonic, has the meaning of “early birth”, “umbrella” contains five words, meaning “many”.Oiled paper umbrella umbrella hollow shaft Italy taking integrity, selfless innocence.Round umbrella surface, take its “complete”, symbolic marriage is satisfactory achievement;Also send him umbrella has also said to cover day rain, wind evil intention of ward off evil spirits.Other trousseaux and colored shirt and trousers, dresser, foot barrels, urine bucket, curtain box, wooden box, or trunk, richer people’s dowry is another gold and silver jewelry, where, and bedding blankets and so on.Another woman would have to send some auspicious harmonics of vegetables, such as celery, garlic, chives, leek, with red rope or after article red cloth tied for him.
Use oiled paper umbrella as the custom of dowry in today’s hakka communities in Taiwan and southeast Asia and other places, is still widely used.
The hakka funeral pick up bones
Due to the mainland most of hakka people live in the mountains, the dead buried hill, hakka people can’t afford to bury the dead for the first time made tombstone or Ying, but in the “secondary bone buried (usually three years, five years or longer), then held a grand burial ceremony instead.Decided to bury, send in selected after changing was buried in the cemetery, in August to the lunar calendar the first (or) before and after the severe cold in burial master, incense festivals after the tomb dug open coffin, and under the cover of the oiled paper umbrella collecting bones, bones with camellia oil mop wipe up again.Then the ancestors bones according to “pick up” and “do” and so on steps to grand burial.
Yao’s pledge engagement
C han on oiled paper umbrella
Oiled paper umbrella in longhui small ShaJiang area of yao nationality is a token of their engagement.If have an affinity for men and women both parties, the groom’s family according to the traditional customs, propose media and to the family, please.Media and spoken for the first time, don’t have to prepare gifts, mainly to ask for her parents agree with you.Engagement on that day, the man of medium male to carry a pair of red oiled paper umbrella, the family had put the umbrella on the shrine of the main, and by a woman to take the umbrella, and if the woman is interested in taking silk cloth and to have pierced good 12 triangular cloth ball on paper umbrella umbrella and umbrella fold, registering the edges of the umbrella color must be more than an inch long.After medium and then with the color must be oiled paper umbrella back to his home, both as a pledge of, said betrothal success.Media and not opened the umbrella to see on the road, if after the divorce of men and women both parties, the ball returned to the woman, the man must be colored silk cloth.
The dai nationality funeral
Live in yunnan dai with myanmar paper (lauguage said “strong sand”) do the oiled paper umbrella, oil is used in the sesame oil, the dai people believe that umbrella can lead to the heaven, therefore is buried essentials.Now in mong block town can buy made from Burma paper umbrella.