Qin and Han dynasties, the man in robes as expensive. Robes are Han Chinese clothing ancient system, during the reign of Emperor require more than the official Mishina, Lvpao, dark clothing. Civilians wearing white robes, all with silk production. Han four years, has been used as a dress gown.
Han, still follow the ancient imperial court officials attended the ceremony wearing a crown major ritual crown regulations do not change. Crown crown Its system is: cap tassel plate length Kamae, seven inches wide, front rounded rear, crown table painted black, in red, green two colors. Where wearing crown crown who have to wear Mianfu. Mianfu to Xuanyi crimson skirts composed of single elements yarn, red Luo fold product, leather belt wear jade, a large table with a prime Akari, surrounded on both sides of the green, on Christina Chu, the next green brocade, Grand Cordon with yellow, white, red, mysterious, misty, green six-color, small ribbon with white, black, and green; three Yuhuan, black ribbon group, white double-Pei, saber, ZHU socks, red nine, red shoes, form a complete costumes. According to Han system requirements: emperor crown crown with twelve tassel, quality as white, clothes XII; Excellencies princes seven tassel, quality of jade, clothes IX; Bureaucrats five tassel, quality of black jade, clothes seven chapters; Babel crown as the emperor’s uniforms, their clothes in dark clothing system. Qin Handi king’s costumes are followed Mianfu the Warring States period, it became emperor in Chinese history typical of traditional emperor clothes, until the Ming Dynasty.
People bundle bun or wear a cap, towel son, also wearing hats, wearing cross collar, long clothing to the knee, sleeves and narrow, with a towel tied around his waist, wearing footwear or barefoot. Kujiao legging rolled or tied to labor, overall still loose, there are also those who cover short gown. Summer can be topless, wearing a calf nose Kun, general laborers or dance BaiXi person. It then provides that: people are not allowed to wear the clothes mixed color, can only wear gray linen until the Western Han Dynasty before allowing people to serve in the green jacket.
Women’s clothing is mainly divided into two categories: First, as dress dark clothing, one day only the jacket skirt.
Dark clothing. Han women with dark clothing as yet, skirts then turn layers of dark clothing than the Warring States period has increased, hem has also been increased.
Dress jacket. Under the skirt on the jacket women clothing styles have emerged as early as the Warring States era. To the Han Dynasty, because the prevalence of dark clothing, wear this dress for women gradually reduced. This period jacket skirt style is still Confucian oblique collar, narrow sleeves, long only and waist; skirt is pieced together four Sujuan connection, drooping to the ground, the narrow width, not the edge of the skirt waist closure ends Glaze roll bar for binding.
Han period clothing history is very deep, right after the costume has a profound impact on development.
Han ethnic costumes are also an integral part of clothing. Living in the southeast region of junction Baiyue people wear clothes left, haircut tattoos, with silk, linen, Shayi, brocade as fabrics, sculptured arm forehead, hair style as “being fat”, “Chui Ji” and so on, mainly in Jade as decorations; Lingnan area, the more people who wear skirts; Huns clothing leather, fur felt, and Lin Hu Loufan clothing style similar to lean legs, hats were steeple or oval, cap with ear to mink leather welt to leather tube (leather armor) or armor is protective gear, Huns love with gold, silver, copper, glass, jade make jewelry. Yunnan’s men clothing left front, long to knee, Touguo towel, forehead round ornaments, earrings macrocyclic slave, after hanging for silver bullion bun style, breasted robes, how to wear wrist bands Jinzhuo.
Is the ancient imperial court officials to participate in ritual ceremony by wearing a turban, as emperors, princes and other vestments worn. Crown crown at the top, there is a front rounded rectangle behind the crown plate crown plate hanging around the “crown tassel.” Crown tassel depends on quantity and material of different social status hierarchy is an important symbol of distinction. Han provisions for the twelve emperors crown crown tassel (ie twelve rows), as jade. Crown crown color to black-based. Crown crown sides, each with a hole for interspersed jade hairpin, hair tied with the knot and tie a ribbon on both sides of the hairpin at the submandibular binding. In the ribbon at the ears, but also the vertical one bead, called “deaf ear.” Not inserted into the ear, just hung in the ear, to remind those who wear the crown should not listen to gossip. Future generations, “turned a deaf ear,” a phrase that is resulting. As a rule, those who wear a crown crown, must wear Mianfu. Mianfu to mysterious tops, vermilion lower part, the upper and lower lines painted chapter. There is also cover the knee, wear ribbon, red shoes and so on.
The style gown with big sleeves as much, received a small cuff part, called cured, full sleeves called sleeve, collar, cuffs embroidered plaid, etc. dajin oblique collar, skirt opened low, revealing neckline underwear, robes hem floral edge, or play a dense row of pleats or cut curved crescent-shaped and curved into the shape of garment according to the hem with a straight hem.
Straight garment gown, when the Western Han Dynasty, the Eastern Han Dynasty prevalent. But at first not as a formal dress, “Historical Weiqi Wu KPMG Biography” there “clothing King” of the language, apparently with no inner crotch pants, straight lapel jacket shielding lax about. At that time only two pants pants sets in the knee, with a belt tied around his waist. Improved due to underwear, Qu garment around the knee, dark clothing has been made redundant, to the Eastern Han Dynasty, direct garment increasing popularity, replacing the dark clothing.
Qu Han Wen Li wearing garment, straight hem, the head must be wrapped in towel conical cap, plus Dai Jinxian crown.
Oscillation of officialdom weekdays Zen’s clothing suits, Zen is down even genera, styles and gowns come first, but no lining, understood as worn inside or summer home in robes to wear shirts can also be interpreted as a cover on the outside unlined.
Ancient pants have two: one for the pants; one of Yun (Kun). “Wen said,” no hakama while Ku, said: “Ku, tibia clothes also, from the series boast sound (bitter cut it).” Yun, “said the text”: “Yun, heavy thick also, from the heart of the military sound (ancient Hun cut) Yun or from the clothes. “disparate sound and meaning. Hakama Ku sound and meaning shaped the same as those. “Book of Qin Feng no clothes,” “and the child with Ze” in Chak, for Yi words. “Wen said,” Again, he said, “PENG, Ku also, from the clothes cold provincial sound,” Spring and Autumn Annals, “said Zheng PENG and jacket (to ungodliness cut),” so hakama Ku Yi PENG four words, phonetic or equivalent or not. But clothing is one of tibia. Hakama [pants], “Release name”, saying: “hakama, cross it, two stocks do not have the cross.” “Jijiupian” Yan note reads: “hakama, that shin coat also, the larger that the inverted Dayton, small Called the school population. “said Long pants of two shares. Duan “note”: hakama, that is “now called hakama sets also” extremely wrong. Dress pants for the tibia at no files, old clothes shirt lower, or clothes connected to and elbow length, the shortest such as knee-length jacket also, can shelter under the tibia clothing is enough, no need to forward to the crotch of the pants. Today’s the chaps otherwise wrap pants, pants with ancient no, can not be confused. There are stalls of the pants, or thought Yun, one for Kun, was also problematic. Kun, “Release name”, saying: “Kun, and through it, and through his legs, also tied waist.” “Jijiupian” Yan note reads: “co crotch that the Kun, who is also the most personal.” Duan said Wen, Kun word Yiyue: “Today the full crotch pants, ancient Kun also, from its muddy words close together, said Yun, from its two Long cavities words, said indistinct, dialect, without Tong’s pants, that the calf. GAVIN: that Dubi Kun. “tailor Kun into an aggregate file, and the ancient pants vary, this pants with. In fact, Yan Kun into an aggregate file, and that segment is Dubi Kun Kun, into an aggregate file, as both the assumption is difficult to suddenly believe. Pants for the tibia clothing, hakama no crotch (this refers to the crotch, the non-poor pants crotch), above the knee Jie Wei Lu, two stocks among many no clothes, hanging clothes or skirts must rely thought shield, this ancient clothes width to length, or the origin of the shirt lower part of it. (Reference Huang Xianfan the “classics its Interpretation”)
Within the lower body of the dress robes, no early crotch, and later developed into a crotch of the pants, said Kun. War soldiers riding wear full crotch trousers called big hakama. Xi Hanshi Confucian women still wear a crotch hakama. When Emperor Han Zhao (87 BC to 75 years ago), Grand General Huo Guang autocratic, Shangguan Empress Huo Guang’s granddaughter, in order to thwart the other ladies intimate with the emperor, they bribed the medical officer to take good care of the body in the name of Emperor Han Zhao, palace life women wearing a crotch belt and tied in the front with “poor trousers”, the poor pants also known as “Gun crotch pants”, after a crotch pants will catch on. Han poor pants worn by men, and some crotch very shallow, exposed umbilical worn, but no trousers, pants very hypertrophy.
Officials courtier main difference between the first product in the crowns, in addition to crown tassel, long crown (ie Liu crown), the Commission Maung crown, leather Benten crown crown for the vestments, the rest are commonly used in court dress, except for the length of the kingdoms crown Ye commonly used by court dress. Babel crown originally refers Zhuangwang pass Liangzu Ying, Qin Guan Chu adopted the system, is served by Cheng Yu, Han Baiguan positive Asaga wearing during the month, the emperor also wear this crown, and its system: high nine inch, evil is less vertical top, straight down the iron coupons, beams before Hill, exhibition cylinder is described. Commission Maung crown with ancient leather Benten same system, seven inches long, four inches high, on the small covered cups shaped like big, with whom soap color silk tie, wearing the crown, then the server-side Su Chang Hyun. Line a large fire ceremony at circlet, lords princes, the doctor who served the salute. Leather Benten system with crown appearance with Venezuela to whom deerskin. When wearing this Benten, the Buddhists on clothing, soap leaders, under a Sushang, this is a large-fire ceremony at the circlet, its deacons who have served. Excursion crown crown system such as Babel, there’s exhibition in the former cross tube, no mountains above, to Prince everyday wear. JinXian crown is worn by civilian scholars, and its system: high to seven inches, after three inches high, eight inches long, Male Hou Sanliang, in two thousand stone to Dr. Leung, Dr. following Outpost and scholars who are a beam. Alpine crown crown shapes such as Babel, but the top is not evil but, Nine Inch high, no mountains and exhibition barrel, the highest in the former King of Qi, Qin and Qi, this crown thanks to his courtiers, the Han lineage, as worn by officials and valet . Law enforcers wear the crown. Aka Zhaohui Wen Wu crown crown Qin and Zhao, that Wuguan give Elegance, Han also used it, said Wu Bian, a large crown, all wearing the military attache, and its system of horizontal rectangles, both ends drooping ear, ear There tassels, tied jaw, prominent forehead, and the other Baojin conical cap, Wu Han palace guards attache also add gold crown pendant, Cicadas and other decoration, still wearing a mink tail as ornaments. Tingwei, Sima generals wear Heguanzi its system: in the martial arts around the insertion of double-Lu Dian tail. Fangshan Guan, Han system like JinXian crown, and if the mountain crest, multicolored silk gauze with whom, no uniforms, except for the rural people and Lu Bu used from the day of. Palace Menli, Pushe wearing Quefei crown, its system as long crown. Sima Fan Kuai doors of the house wearing a crown guards its braking: nine inch wide, seven inches tall, before and after each of four inches. Warlock crown, Han system before Yuan, Wu system makes a mistake quadruple. But the enemy guards wear the crown, and its system: high to four inches, four inches long pass, after three inches high, shapes such as JinXian crown. Jianhua crown, Jazz Benten shrine world for the five suburbs, dance hall Yunqiao people are wearing. Jianhua column labeled iron coupons consistently large copper beads nine, the shape of strands deer, the next round of big, round small. MG Benten, shaped like a crown, eight inches wide, one foot six inches long, a little later before the big head on the color of the tie with the Jazz whom.
According to records, Han ago, plebeian or humble deacon who does not wear a crown beam towel. To the Han Dynasty, Wang Mang was due to the convex head wrapped towel, towel then used by the upper gentry home, after becoming increasingly prevalent, Han literati warrior wears a towel for ya yet. Conical cap similar to the towel, is set in the crown bun covered under the towel, initially conical cap units are required to wear the crown, after wearing a conical cap alone, Qinhan Wu will be fond of wearing red conical cap, wearing civilian clothes often wear civilian conical cap, it is more the lay Laosou easy to use. Major pieces of towel made of silk or cambric, “wearing Lun towel, waving lupine” was the scribe universal attire, a black turban upper class. Han, after the removal of the white turban of officials or civilians logo, official of the beadle and servants were also wearing a white turban. Conical cap to the Han Dynasty was improved into a hat for the head to cover the hair before the high roof, surrounded by neatly along the tube, resembling modern beanie hat, with long, short ears of the points, conical cap plus hair crown, there will bandanas and conical cap worn together, resulting in a flat towel conical cap, dielectric conical cap, flat conical cap, crown conical cap and so on.
Footwear design to the Qin and Han have been very rich, boots, shoes, clogs, sandals, hemp shoes, silk shoes, and other. The high integration of northern ethnic minorities to wear boots, was called “network name T-shirts”, in addition to the barbarian, the Han Chinese soldiers and northerners are wearing.
Western Han Dynasty Emperor Wen of thrift, wearing leather shoes, leather shoes on the package in the rich satin upper, upper rim of the shoe ribbons, made of extremely beautiful and exquisite leather shoes.
Han wearing a hat, wearing a curved hem men (Shaanxi Xianyang out of painted pottery). Han men’s clothing styles, roughly divided into curved hem, straight hem two kinds. Qu garment, the Warring States Period popular dark clothing. Han is still in use, but more common in the early Western Han Dynasty. To the Eastern Han Dynasty, the man wearing dark clothing who have rare, generally for direct garment of clothing, but not as a formal dress. This figure is this song garment apparel.
Qin and Han Dynasty because of national unity, clothing style converge. Qin is a vast Chinese history, many ethnic feudal united country.
When the Emperor Qin g immediately after embarked on a series of measures to strengthen the centralization, such as uniform weights and measures, criminal law and other regulations, including costumes system. However, due to the emperor in power is too short, the system merely start-up clothing, is not complete, only the color of clothing made a unity. Emperor deeply affected yin and yang theory, I believe Qin grams of weeks, should be water, fire, because Zhou was “anger wins gold, the color is still red,” then Hadanokatsu week is the water Germany, advocating black color. Thus, in the Qin Dynasty, for the distinguished black color for fashion clothing but also in black color.
Qin armor battle dress we can see from the finds. Figurines unearthed in Shaanxi Lintong by the Cotta Warriors armor should be the most common style of armor, an ordinary soldier’s garb, such armor has the following characteristics: the chest armor pieces are poorly pressed tablets, abdominal A tablets, are showings pressure loading, so that activity. From the middle of the chest and abdomen midline of view, all of a piece by the middle to both sides laminated, shoulder and abdomen A combination of the same piece. In the shoulder, abdomen and neck pieces are used around the A en even A All A chip has a nail having a number or two or three or four, ranging up to more than six. A coat length, front and rear equal, generally more rounded hem.
Terracotta Warriors pit unearthed a large number of figurines for Qinhan Wu Shi clothing to provide a more adequate illustration. They wear long clothing was handed half of the song garment cover, although lighter, but still dark clothing of the genus, its next dressed in trousers, tied at the waist Shi’s leather belt hook. This dress is still widely popular in the Western Han Dynasty, the whole society has gradually spread pants. Crown system established in the Han Dynasty achieved. The ancient times, mainly belonging to the highest Huaxia ritual, adult men are OK Rites. Han clothing belonging to the crown of the main system of identity, as well as rank official characterization. Lowly man, wearing a turban and not only wear the crown. The crown is applied on a hair bun cover does not cover the entire head. Conical cap is like a cap. Crowns and conical cap originally unrelated to the Wang Mang, reportedly because of his bald head, so the first wearing conical cap, conical cap on top crown. Later this method popularized wear, and thus appeared in the Eastern Han Dynasty stone crown, also in the following cushioned conical cap. Crown and not just with the conical cap, wearing civilian JinXian crown to go with roof-shaped dielectric conical cap, wearing military attache Benten crested will have on the flat topped with conical cap. JinXian towering crown front and rear tilt, if oblique ZU-shaped appearance. Crown before the “beam”, according to the amount of the beam number to distinguish the identity of wearing the crown. Babel emperor wearing crown and crown princes of the king wearing the excursion are also based on the gain JinXian crown ornaments from China. Wu Bian crested aka “Hui () text crown”, initially just used (thin linen) produced drooping ears of Benten, and later in Benten Xiadian conical cap, and further again in Benten painted on, then if its like sand paint cage, also known as “cage crown.” Wuwei grinding spout 62 Mang tomb was unearthed sarong crown. In addition, the samurai wearing a crown. Law enforcement officials wearing haitai crown.
In terms of hierarchy distinction, although the beam on the crown JinXian play a role, but a few more, but three beams, classification of the cruder. So Han also used ribbon as a sign of rank, different levels of officials of the ribbon color, weave, density and length are not the same. At this time the ribbon is tied to the official seal of the tape, but it and the Western Zhou Shipei group of real jade intricately connected. Han women generally drooping hair back into a pony round bun, name Chui Ji. Often with dark clothing, dark clothing for women who were in the gorgeous clothes, it’s not only in the lower curved hem better wound layer, and in its oblique triangle objects and pieces of Shangzhui long streamers, which referred to it with the literature. Its like the Han Dynasty unearthed in Sichuan seen on the brick.
Han Dynasty had seven characteristics:
1. A jacket, because the collar was big and bent, dressing gown must expose the collar;
2. Clothes must use white cloth as lining;
3. Sleeve width Kamae;
4. Sleeveless shirt;
5. Wear fur clothing fur facing outside;
6. Belt is extremely elegant, the use of a variety of zoomorphic hook made of gold, such as mantis-shaped or lute shape. Image is very lively and interesting. Average length of hook from the shape, color and technology has reached a very high level, than over the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Warring States period, in the aspects of design and production is much more to be fine. So popular men’s favorite, the wearer a lot;
7. Man keeping his sword customs, but the wear of the knife blade without tangible, lost the real value of the principal is to show grooming.
Han vestments continue to use the “big system”, follow the ancient ritual wear Mianfu wear ribbon, wear jade. Emperors, lords, princes were with a large, but in the Department of jade beaded or wire rope texture to be distinguished. Queen Mother, the Queen Mother, his wife or poor vestments (Ye Temple service), the pro silkworm clothes, to appear before the wedding dress in the form of clothing and dark clothing system are used.
Han woman always on the labor Chuanduan jacket, wearing skirt, knee long hanging decorative belt. Men dressed in uniforms of labor is wearing a jacket, wearing a calf nose pants and jacket outer shroud sarong; This dress does not specialize slaves, serfs, merchants, scholars alike.